World War 2 Events by Country - Finland


Listing of all day-by-day events of the Second World War related to the nation of Finland.

World War 2 spanned across language barriers, cultures, and borders as it wreaked havoc around the globe. The conflict was made up of several major theaters - spanning nearly all oceans and continents - which contained many individual campaigns and, within these, key battles and events on both the military and political spectrums. The war was fought with equal fervor and verocity across the land, on the sea (and under it), and in the air as millions of men and women answered the call of their respective flags - or happened to find themselves in the war's path with no option but to fight. In the end, the fractured world opened its eyes to a new order - one that would usher in a whole new trial in the Cold War and lead to the establishment of dozens of independent countries heading towards the end of the century.

There are a total of (24) World War 2 Events by Country - Finland events in the SecondWorldWarHistory.com database. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). Other leading and trailing events may also be included for perspective.


Day-by-Day Timeline of Events


Sunday, November 26th, 1939

With worsening relations between Finland and the Soviet Union, the Soviets pull out of their non-aggression pact with Finland.

Thursday, November 30th, 1939

Five Soviet armies cross into Finland, beginning the Winter War.

Friday, December 1st, 1939

The Soviet Union installs a Finnish-Soviet puppet government in Terijoki to be led by Otto Kuusinen.

Saturday, December 2nd, 1939

The Finnish government seeks assistance from the League of Nations.

Tuesday, December 5th, 1939

After some initial advances, the Soviet Army if forced to stop by the Finnish defenses at the Mannerheim Line.

Saturday, December 9th, 1939

As the Finnish winter worsens, Soviet attacks on Helsinki stall.

Saturday, December 9th, 1939

The Soviet 44th and 163rd Divisions take the Finnish town of Soumussalmi.

Friday, December 15th, 1939

The deteriorating conditions of a Finnish winter protect Helsinki from additional Soviet attacks.

Friday, December 15th, 1939

The Mannerheim Line holds as Soviet Army elements are kept at bay.

Friday, December 15th, 1939

Valliant Finnish forces repel the Soviet Army out of Soumussalmi, retaking the town.

Friday, December 15th, 1939

The Soviet 14th Army takes Petsamo.

Friday, December 15th, 1939

Finnish defenders keep the town of Nautsi from falling under Soviet control.



Sunday, December 17th - December 31st, 1939

Finnish Army elements cross into Soviet Karelia, unleashing hell on the Russian 44th and 163rd Divisions. Some 27,000 Russian soldiers are killed.

Monday, February 5th, 1940

The Allied Supreme War Council agrees to come to the aid of Finland and Norway - if only to protect valuable Swedish ore from falling to the Germans.

Monday, March 11th, 1940

The Finns agree to the Treaty of Moscow with the Soviets. 10 percent of Finnish territory is ceded to the invaders at the cost of 25,000 Finns to 200,000 Soviets.

Wednesday, March 20th, 1940

French PM Daladier resigns his post after the failure to save Finland.

Tuesday, January 2nd, 1940

A new Soviet offensive on the Karelian isthmus fails.

Sunday, January 7th, 1940

Stalin appoints a new commander to oversee the Winter War - General Semyon Timoshenko.

Sunday, January 28th, 1940

Finnish ground forces recover territory from the Soviet 54th Division at Kuhmo.

Thursday, February 1st, 1940

The Soviets enact a new offensive against Finnish positions along the Mannerheim Line, beginning with artillery attack accounting for some 300,000 shells.

Sunday, February 11th - February 17th, 1940

The Soviet Army breaks through the defenses at the Mannerheim Line at Summa. Finnish Army units retreat.

Friday, February 23rd, 1940

The Soviet government delivers terms of surrender to the Finnish government, claiming the Karelian isthmus and Lake Lagoda as their own. The Finns are required to defend the Soviet Union from the north if the empire is attacked.

Tuesday, March 5th, 1940

Finland responds to the Soviet surrender overture with negotiations.

Tuesday, March 12th, 1940

After months of fighting and countless lives lost on both sides, the Finnish government officially accepts the surrender terms of the Russian proposal in an internal vote numbering 145 to 3.





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