World War 2 Events by Country - Germany

Listing of all day-by-day events of the Second World War related to the nation of Germany.

World War 2 spanned across language barriers, cultures, and borders as it wreaked havoc around the globe. The conflict was made up of several major theaters - spanning nearly all oceans and continents - which contained many individual campaigns and, within these, key battles and events on both the military and political spectrums. The war was fought with equal fervor and verocity across the land, on the sea (and under it), and in the air as millions of men and women answered the call of their respective flags - or happened to find themselves in the war's path with no option but to fight. In the end, the fractured world opened its eyes to a new order - one that would usher in a whole new trial in the Cold War and lead to the establishment of dozens of independent countries heading towards the end of the century.

There are a total of (823) World War 2 Events by Country - Germany events in the database. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). Other leading and trailing events may also be included for perspective.

Day-by-Day Timeline of Events

Monday, August 21st, 1939

The German battleship Graf Spee leaves Wilhelmshaven for the North Atlantic. She is commanded by Captain Hans Langsdorff. Her supply ship is the Altmark, which also leaves Wilhelmshaven.

Thursday, August 31st, 1939

Event person portrait
Adolf Hitler provides the final orders for the invasion of Poland.

Friday, September 1st, 1939

German airborne elements begin bombardment of Polish defensive targets. At 6:00 AM, 50 German divisions making up Army Group North and Army Group South flood into Poland. Army Group South's mission is the capture of the Polish capital of Warsaw.

Saturday, September 2nd, 1939

The governments of Britain and France deliver their ultimatums to German officials in regards to the German invasion of Poland.

Sunday, September 3rd, 1939

France declares war on Germany.

Sunday, September 3rd, 1939

The government of Australia declares war on Germany.

Sunday, September 3rd, 1939

New Zealand declares war on Germany.

Sunday, September 3rd, 1939

The British transatlantic passenger liner SS Athenia is sunk by German U-boat U-30, killing 128 aboard.

Sunday, September 3rd, 1939

Britain declares war on Germany leading British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain to arrange a war cabinet.

Sunday, September 3rd, 1939

Athenia, a British passenger liner originating from Glasgow and traveling to Montreal, is targeted and sunk by German U-boat U-30 resulting the loss of 112 people. Athenia becomes the first naval casualty of the U-boat scourge in the Atlantic.

Monday, September 4th, 1939

The British Royal Air Force launches its first bombing missions against German targets - these being warships stationed off of the northwest coast of Germany.

Tuesday, September 5th, 1939

The government of South Africa declares war on Germany.

Tuesday, September 5th, 1939

The Bosnia becomes the first merchantman to be sunk by the German U-boats.

Wednesday, September 6th, 1939

The Polish government and military command flee Warsaw.

Wednesday, September 6th, 1939

German forces advance beyond Lodz.

Wednesday, September 6th, 1939

German forces take Krakow.

Wednesday, September 6th, 1939

Thirty-six Allied ships set out across the Atlantic in the first coordinated convoy crossing attempt.

Thursday, September 7th, 1939

French forces begin light fighting against German elements near Saarbrucken.

Thursday, September 7th, 1939

Britain launches the first of many convoys across challenged Atlantic waters.

Friday, September 8th, 1939

The German Tenth Army reaches the Warsaw perimeter.

Friday, September 8th, 1939

The German Fourteenth Army arrives near Przemysl.

Friday, September 8th, 1939

General Guderian's tank force reaches the Bug River just east of the Polish capital.

Friday, September 8th, 1939

German ground forces arrive at the outskirts of the Polish capital of Warsaw, covering an astounding 200 miles in a single week.

Saturday, September 9th, 1939

Polish Poznan army units launch a counter-offensive against the German army at Kutno on the Bzura.

Monday, September 10th, 1939

Canada declares war on Germany.

Sunday, September 10th, 1939

Polish forces at the Modline fortress some 20 miles north of Warsaw fall under siege to the German Army.

Sunday, September 17th, 1939

The British aricraft carrier HMS Courageous is sunk southwest of the Irish coast by German U-boat U-29.

Sunday, September 17th, 1939

Polish resistance at the Bzura River north of Lodz finally surrender to the Germans. Some 170,000 Polish prisoners are taken captive.

Tuesday, September 19th, 1939

German and Soviet army elements finally meet one another in Poland at Brest-Litovsk.

Wednesday, September 27th, 1939

The Polish capital of Warsaw officially falls.

Wednesday, September 27th, 1939

The German battleships Deutschland and Graf Spee are let loose on Allied shipping convoys in the North Atlantic.

Thursday, September 28th, 1939

Polish forces fighting it out at the Modline fortress officially surrender.

Friday, September 29th, 1939

The German-Soviet Boundary Friendship Treaty is signed between German representative von Ribbentrop and Soviet representative Molotov. Poland is divided into a western zone under German control and an eastern zone under Soviet control.

Saturday, September 30th, 1939

The Graf Spee claims her first merchant vessel, the British freighter Clement, in the waters of the South Atlantic.

Sunday, October 1st, 1939

The Graf Spee goes on to sink four more Allied merchant vessels during the month of October.

Monday, October 2nd, 1939

The last valiant gap of Polish resistance - numbering some 4,500 soldiers under the command of Admiral Unruh - north of Danzig on the Polwysep Helski peninsula falls to the Germans.

Saturday, October 14th, 1939

The British Royal Navy battleship HMS Royal Oak is sunk by U-47 with 833 lives lost.

Wednesday, November 15th, 1939

The Graf Spee sinks the oil tanker Africa Shell off the coast of Madagascar.

Monday, November 20th, 1939

The Graf Spee begins her return to a pre-designated waiting area in the South Atlantic. British cruisers Ajax, Achilles, Exeter and Cumberland begin pursuit.

Wednesday, December 13th, 1939

The Graf Spee adds three more vessels - the Doric Star, Tairoa, Streonshalh - to its list of sunken Allied targets. She begins her voyage towards River Plate near Uruguay for a final combat patrol.

Wednesday, December 13th, 1939

The Graf Spee is spotted in the early morning hours by Commodore H. H. Harwood's British cruiser squadron.

Wednesday, December 13th, 1939

At 6:14 AM, the Graf Spee opens fire on the British heavy cruisers Ajaz and Exeter.

Wednesday, December 13th, 1939

At 6:40 AM, the British cruiser Achilles is damaged by shell splinters from the Graf Spee's guns.

Wednesday, December 13th, 1939

At 6:50 AM, the British cruiser Exeter is heavily damaged by the Graf Spee, leaving only one turret functional and in flames.

Wednesday, December 13th, 1939

At 7:25 AM, the British cruiser Ajax loses two of her turrets to the Graf Spee.

Wednesday, December 13th, 1939

By 7:40 AM, the British cruisers Ajax and Achilles break battle and trail out of range of the Graf Spee's guns, though still in pursuit.

Wednesday, December 13th, 1939

At 8:00 AM, Captain Langsdorff orders his lightly damaged Graf Spee towards the port at Montevideo in Uruguay with British ships in close pursuit.

Wednesday, December 13th, 1939

At approximately 12:00 PM, Graf Spee enters the harbor at Montevideo, Uruguay, with the intention on having her damaged repaired. With political pressure from Britain, the Uruguayan government offers the Graff Spee only 72 hours rest.

Sunday, December 17th, 1939

Graf Spee Captain Hans Langsdorff mistakenly believes there to be a large Royal Navy contingent waiting for his exit out of Montevideo harbor. As such, he orders the Graff Spee scuttled. The German vessel is effectively eliminated from the war.

Wednesday, December 20th, 1939

Choosing honor over justice, Captain Hans Langsdorff commits suicide, officially ending the reign of the Graf Spee.

Wednesday, January 10th, 1940

A German plane carrying two officers and the German invasion plans of Western Europe scheduled for January 17th mistakenly lands in Belgium. This forces Hitler to push the invasion back.

Monday, February 5th, 1940

The Allied Supreme War Council agrees to come to the aid of Finland and Norway - if only to protect valuable Swedish ore from falling to the Germans.

Friday, February 16th, 1940

HMS Cossack, a Royal Navy destroyer, moves into neutral Norwegian waters to claim its merchant men from the German ship Altmark. Germany and Norway both protest the action.

Saturday, February 24th, 1940

Following General von Manstein's recommendation, the German invasion plans of Western Europe are revised to send armored forces through the "impassable" Ardennes Forest.

Monday, April 8th, 1940

HMS Glowworm intercepts a portion of the German invasion fleet headed to Norway.

Tuesday, April 9th, 1940

The German invasion force strikes Norway and Denmark.

Tuesday, April 9th, 1940

Norwegian coastal guns sink the German cruiser Blucher with 1,600 lives being lost.

Tuesday, April 9th, 1940

Norwegian royalty and its government flee northward from the invasion.

Tuesday, April 9th, 1940

HMS Rodney, a British battlecruiser, engages the German warships KMS Gneisenau and KMS Scharnhorst.

Wednesday, April 10th, 1940

KMS Konigsberg, a German light cruiser, becomes the first warship sunk by dive bombing at Bergen.

Wednesday, April 10th, 1940

Five British destroyers surprise a German force of ten destroyers near Narvik. Nine German cargo ships are lost as well as two destroyers. The British also lose a pair of destroyers in the action.

Friday, April 12th, 1940

British aerial bombing of KMS Admiral Hipper, KMS Gneisenau, and KMS Scharnhorst fail to net the needed results.

Saturday, April 13th, 1940

The Second Battle of Narvik nets the British eight German destroyers and a submarine.

Sunday, April 14th, 1940

An Allied rescue force made up of British, Polish, and French begin arriving at Namsos, Alesund, and Narvik.

Saturday, April 20th - April 30th, 1940

The German defense at Trondheim holds and prepares for reinforcements.

Wednesday, May 1st - May 2nd, 1940

Allied forces abandon their missions at Namsos and Andalsnes.

Wednesday, April 24th, 1940

Allied naval guns open up on German positions at Narvik in preparation for a ground assault.

Thursday, May 2nd, 1940

German forces arrive at Andalsnas.

Friday, May 3rd, 1940

Duringan evacuation operation, the French destroyer Bison and the British destroyer Afridi are sunk by air attack.

Tuesday, May 21st, 1940

The Allies are able to make some gains near Narvik.

Monday, May 27th, 1940

The Allies enter Narvik.

Monday, May 27th, 1940

German warplanes destroyer the city of Bodo.

Friday, May 31st, 1940

British forces at Bodo evacuate.

Saturday, June 8th, 1940

The Germans enact Operation Juno to relieve its forces at Narvik.

Saturday, June 8th, 1940

HMS Glorious is sunk by KMS Scharnhorst and KMS Gneisenau.

Sunday, June 9th, 1940

The Norwegian military is ordered to surrender.

Monday, June 10th, 1940

The invasion of Norway is complete, the victory going to the Germans.

Monday, June 17th, 1940

French Marshal Henri-Philippe Petain, having replaced outsted Prime Minister Paul Reynaud, ask Germany for armistice terms.

Monday, June 24th, 1940

The formal signing of the French surrender takes place at Compiegne - site of the original German surrender of World War 1.

Thursday, August 1st, 1940

Hitler reveals Directive Number 17 which calls for finalization of the invasion of Great Britain for September 15th.

Monday, August 5th, 1940

The initial German plans for the invasion of the Soviet Union are reviewed by German commanders.

Saturday, August 17th, 1940

The German government declares a naval blockade of the British Isles freeing its forces to attack any and all targets in the region.

Friday, September 27th, 1940

The Axis powers of Germany, Italy, and Japan strengthen their ties through the Tripartite Act which makes an enemy of an ally an enemy to all.

Monday, October 7th, 1940

German forces cross onto Romanian soil to train the national military as a means to position themselves closer to the vital Ploesti oil fields.

Saturday, October 12th, 1940

Hitler is forced to postpone the British mainland invasion until the Spring of 1941.

Monday, January 1st, 1940

Only 21 operational boats make up the German U-boat fleet at this time.

Friday, May 10th, 1940

German airborne elements land across Belgium and Holland in advance of ground forces, capturing key bridges and routes.

Friday, May 10th, 1940

German paratroopers land in The Hague and Rotterdam.

Friday, May 10th, 1940

89 German paratroopers land and take the Belgium fortress of Eben Emael with its garrison of 2,000 soldiers.

Saturday, May 11th, 1940

British and French army forces begin defensive preparations in Belgium in an effort to stave off the German advance. A long line of strategic defenses is contructed.

Tuesday, May 14th, 1940

Facing light opposition, German Panzer Corps XV, XLI and XIX are free to set up three key bridge-heads covering Dinant, Montherme and Sedan.

Tuesday, May 14th, 1940

Panzer Corps XV and XIX break through the Allied defenses at Sedan, allowing German forces to completely bypass the formidable defenses at the French Maginot Line.

Wednesday, May 15th, 1940

The RAF sends up its first night-time bombing raid against Germany. Of the 99 aircraft sent, only one fails to return home.

Wednesday, May 15th, 1940

German Panzer Corps cross into the north of France.

Wednesday, May 15th, 1940

After periods of heavy bombing all across Rotterdam, the Dutch surrender to the Germans.

Friday, May 17th - May 18th, 1940

Antwerp falls to the German Army.

Friday, May 17th - May 18th, 1940

Brussels falls to the German Army.

Friday, May 17th - May 18th, 1940

Allied forces are in full retreat of the Germans, making their way towards the French coastline.

Tuesday, May 21st, 1940

An Allied counterattack against the German Army near Arras ends in failure as the attack is itself countered by another advancing German land force.

Friday, May 24th, 1940

In a stunning move, Hitler orders his forces not to cross the Lens-Bethune-St Omer-Gravelines line, allowing the retreating Allied forces more time to reach the French coast.

Friday, May 24th, 1940

German Luftwaffe bombers hammer Allied defensive positions in and around the French port city of Dunkirk.

Saturday, May 25th, 1940

The German Army takes Boulogne.

Saturday, May 25th, 1940

More and more retreating Allied units arrive at the French port city of Dunkirk.

Sunday, May 26th, 1940

Hitler orders his army forces towards Dunkirk for the final blow to the Allied cause.

Sunday, May 26th, 1940

Operation Dynamo - the all-out evacuation of Allied forces from Dunkirk - officially begins at 6:57 PM.

Sunday, May 26th, 1940

Over 850 British civilian vessels take part in assisting military forces off of French soil to awaiting transports in what would become the largest military evacuation in history.

Tuesday, May 28th, 1940

King Leopold of Belgium orders his army to surrender to the Germans. By this time, his government has already relocated to Paris, France.

Tuesday, May 28th, 1940

With Belgium out of the way, German Army elements begin making their way towards the French coastline in an attempt to completely eliminate Allied forces for good.

Tuesday, May 28th, 1940

With the fight gone out of them, the Belgian Army surrenders to the German 6th and 18th armies. Their actions, however, supply the evacuating Allies with much-needed time.

Tuesday, May 28th, 1940

Belgium falls to Germany in just 18 days.

Saturday, June 1st - August 12th, 1940

German Luftwaffe forces concentrate efforts on maintaining control over the vital shipping lanes of the North Sea. At least 30,000 merchant ships are destroyed during this period.

Tuesday, June 4th, 1940

German Luftwaffe bombers cease bombardment of Dunkirk.

Tuesday, June 4th, 1940

Operation Dynamo - the evacuation of Allied forces at Dunkirk - officially ends. 338,326 total soldiers are saved including 113,000 French troops.

Tuesday, June 4th, 1940

Some 40,000 French soldiers are taken prisoner by Germany at the fall of Dunkirk.

Monday, August 12th, 1940

The first attacks on RAF airfields and radar stations are conducted by German fighters and bombers. Germany intends on destroying RAF air supremacy before attempting its land invasion.

Saturday, July 6th, 1940

German ships begin operating out of captured bases along the French coast.

Tuesday, July 16th, 1940

Hitler delivers Fuhrer Directive 17 as Operation Sea Lion - the land invasion of the British mainland to occur between September 19th and September 26th.

Tuesday, August 13th, 1940

"Eagle Day" is enacted - a four day bombardment of key RAF airfields and radar installations. Poor weather initially delays the assault and any bombing thereafter produces mixed results.

Tuesday, August 13th, 1940

Portland is heavily bombed by the German Luftwaffe.

Tuesday, August 13th, 1940

Andover is heavily bombed by the German Luftwaffe.

Tuesday, August 13th, 1940

Southampton is heavily bombed by the German Luftwaffe.

Tuesday, August 13th, 1940

At least 40 total Luftwaffe aircraft are destroyed by the RAF and ground-based flak teams.

Thursday, August 15th, 1940

74 Luftwaffe aircraft launched from bases in Denmark and Norway are lost on what will be remembered as "Black Thursday".

Saturday, August 17th, 1940

The RAF is forced to poach the ranks of Bomber Command in an effort to fill its dwindling supply of capable fighter pilots.

Saturday, August 17th, 1940

German U-boats are given the green light to attack any and all merchant vessels - whether armed or not - in an attempt to stranglehold the British mainland into submission.

Monday, August 19th - August 24th, 1940

Poor weather and overcast skies limit any major German bombing efforts over Britain.

Monday, August 19th, 1940

Underestimating overall RAF fighter strength, Luftwaffe commander Hermann Goering changes offensive tactics and orders his fighters to tempt RAF fighters to duke it out in the skies as opposed to bombing them while still on the ground.

Saturday, August 24th - August 31st, 1940

Luftwaffe bombing resumes. During this period, RAF airfields are hammered with the loss of 200 fighters. However, losses for the Luftwaffe number some 330 aircraft.

Monday, August 26th, 1940

The first RAF attack on the German capital of Berlin takes place. Some 81 aircraft are part of the airborne raid.

Tuesday, September 3rd, 1940

Due to consistent Luftwaffe losses and inconclusive results across the entire campaign, Hitler postpones Operation Sea Lion to September 21st.

Saturday, September 7th, 1940

In an effort to break the resolve of the British people, Hitler orders the bombing of London over the bombing of strategic RAF airfields and installations.

Saturday, September 7th, 1940

348 bombers and 617 fighters of the German Luftwaffe descend on the British capital city of London in a massive bombing raid.

Sunday, September 15th, 1940

Two massive bombing raids are conducted against Britain. The German Luftwaffe sees some 300 total RAF fighters airborne, showcasing Goering's gross estimate of total RAF air power. 80 German aircraft are lost in total. This day would go on to become "Battle of Britain Day".

Monday, September 16th, 1940

The German Luftwaffe redirects it sbombing campaign to now cover night-bombing of British cities.

Tuesday, September 17th, 1940

With the unexpected results of his campaign against Britain, Hitler officially postpones Operation Sea Lion indefinitely.

Friday, September 20th, 1940

Massive convoys breed equal massive measures - German U-boats begin operating in 20-strong "Wolf Packs" with coordinated attacks.

Tuesday, October 1st - October 30th, 1940

German BF 110 twin-engine nightfighters take advantage of the new Lichtenstein radar systems to track, target and engage RAF bombers.

Friday, October 18th - October 19th, 1940

An attack on two Allied convoys yields 36 sunken ships by the attacking German U-boats.

Monday, November 18th, 1940

A Sunderland flying boat aircraft - fitted with new radar - locates its first German U-boat submarine.

Wednesday, November 20th, 1940

The Hungarian government formally allys with the Axis powers.

Saturday, November 23rd, 1940

The Romanian government formally allys with the Acis powers.

Tuesday, November 26th, 1940

The construction of a ghetto in the Polish capital of Warsaw is begun in an effort to corral the local Jewish populations.

Monday, December 16th, 1940

RAF bombers strike on Mannheim as revenge for the German air raids over Coventry.

Wednesday, December 18th, 1940

Hiter's Directive Number 21 is revealed as the invasion of the Soviet Union through Operation Barbarossa.

Wednesday, January 29th, 1941

High level talks between the British and the Americans results in strengthening ties for the nations in the event of an American declaration of war with Germany.

Friday, February 14th, 1941

Bulgaria agrees to allow Germany use of its soil bordering Greece for the upcoming invasion.

Friday, February 14th, 1941

Event person portrait
Erwin Rommel's Afrika Corps arrives in Tripoli to bolster the wavering Italian forces in North Africa.

Tuesday, March 11th, 1941

The Lend-Lease Bill is signed into law by American President Franklin Roosevelt allowing the United States the unrestricted ability to help supply the Allies in their fight against the Axis.

Monday, March 24th, 1941

German forces drive the British from El Agheila in Libya.

Monday, March 24th, 1941

Rommel begins his attack near El Agheila.

Tuesday, March 25th, 1941

Prince Paul of Yugoslavia offers his allegiance to the Axis, signing the Tripartite Pact.

Tuesday, March 25th, 1941

The Yugoslavian government formally signs support for the Axis powers.

Wednesday, March 26th, 1941

In Berlin, Hitler reportedly tells his high level officers "I have decided to destroy Yugoslavia".

Thursday, March 27th, 1941

Prince Paul of Yugoslavia is forceably removed from power via a coup led by Bora Mirkovic and Dusan Simovic. Simovic is installed as the new ruler of Yugoslavia and quickly makes an effort to break Yugoslavia's commitment to the Tripartite Pact with the Axis.

Sunday, March 30th, 1941

United States vessels capture some sixty-five ships aligned with the Axis powers.

Sunday, March 31st, 1941

Recent unrest in Yugoslavia forces the Germans to draw up plans of the invasion of Yugoslavia by way of Directive Number 25.

Tuesday, April 1st, 1941

The German port of Emden is bombed by six Wellington bomber aircraft.

Wednesday, April 2nd, 1941

Under the direction of German Navy Grand-Admiral Raeder, Operation Rheinubung is fleshed out. The operation calls for direct hit-and-run engagements with British merchant shipping across the Atlantic.

Wednesday, April 2nd, 1941

Rommel's forces reach Agedabia.

Sunday, April 6th, 1941

Operation Marita - the dual Germany invasion of Greece and Yugoslavia - is put into action. Twenty-four total divisions are involved, including some 1200 tanks.

Sunday, April 6th, 1941

Rommel reaches Mechili.

Monday, April 7th, 1941

Rommel reaches Derna.

Tuesday, April 8th, 1941

A massive German bombing raid on the Yugoslavian capital city of Belgrade nets over 300,000 civilian casualties.

Tuesday, April 8th, 1941

229 RAF bomber aircraft rain 40,000 incendiary ordnance on the German naval base at Kiel.

Wednesday, April 9th, 1941

The German 12th Army encircles and defeats the Greek defensive line known as the "Metaxas Line".

Wednesday, April 9th, 1941

The German Army moves on and captures the strategic port city of Salonika.

Thursday, April 10th - April 16th, 1941

Three divisions of British, Australian and New Zealand troops at the Aliakmon Line in the Vermion Mountains are defeated.

Thursday, April 10th, 1941

The first US combat action against Germany occurs - this being the USS Niblack destroyer firing on a marauding German U-boat violating the US security zone.

Saturday, April 12th, 1941

Vermion Line Allied troops are now redeployed to defensive positions around Mount Olympus.

Saturday, April 12th, 1941

German forces launching from Romania, Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria along with an Italian contigent from Albania capture and secure the Yugoslavian capital of Belgrade.

Monday, April 14th, 1941

The German Army destroys Yugoslavian forces at Monistar Gap, clearing a path into Greece. Greece units fighting in Albania are effectively cut off.

Wednesday, April 16th, 1941

Allied forces in Greece are in full retreat at the request of Greek General Alexander Papagos who sees value is less fighting to save his country from total destruction. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill accepts the request.

Thursday, April 17th, 1941

Yugoslavian leadership, along with the army, surrenders to the Germans.

Sunday, April 20th, 1941

The Greek Army surrenders to the Germans and Italians.

Friday, April 25th, 1941

Fuhrer Directive No.28 is issued by Adolf Hitler, calling for the invasion of the island of Crete through Operation Mercury led by General Kurt Student.

Saturday, April 26th, 1941

German airborne elements attempt to capture the bridge over the Corinth Canal in an attempt to encircle the retreating allies. The bridge is lost in the attack while the Allies have already moved on.

Saturday, April 26th, 1941

Allied codebreakers intercept word of the impending German invasion of Crete.

Sunday, April 27th, 1941

Axis forces officially occupy Athens, effectively signaling the end of Greek resistance.

Wednesday, April 30th, 1941

Allied forces based on Crete receive a new leader in the form of Major-General Bernard Freyberg.

Friday, May 9th, 1941

HMS Bulldog acquires the first Enigma code machine during the capture of the U-110. British codebreakers set to work on deciphering the device.

Thursday, May 15th, 1941

The British launch Operation Brevity against Rommel's dug-in forces, making little progress against the prepared defenders.

Monday, May 19th, 1941

In advance of the Crete invasion, RAF fighters are relocated to Egypt for safe-keeping.

Monday, May 19th, 1941

Allied codebreakers intercept word that Operation Mercury will commence the very next day. The Allies begin preparations.

Tuesday, May 20th, 1941

Allied flak teams destroy as many as 50% of the invading German transport planes in the first few hours of the operation.

Tuesday, May 20th, 1941

Operation Mercury is officially launched.

Tuesday, May 20th, 1941

At approximately 7:00 AM, the first German airborne troops land at locations near Maleme and Khania.

Tuesday, May 20th, 1941

At least 500 Junkers Ju 52 transport aircraft are utilized in the first wave of airdrops over Crete.

Tuesday, May 20th, 1941

Between 1:30 and 2:00 PM, the second wave of German airborne troops take off from Greece towards drop zones in Crete.

Tuesday, May 20th, 1941

In-air losses for the second wave of German paratroopers is nearly equal to the first thanks to the stellar Allied flak defenses on Crete.

Tuesday, May 20th, 1941

At about 2:00 PM, the second wave of German paratroops land around Heraklion and Rethymnon.

Tuesday, May 20th, 1941

The first day of the German invasion of Crete sees little progress as many strategic positions are not under German control yet.

Tuesday, May 20th, 1941

The German heavy cruiser KMS Prinz Eugen and the battleship KMS Bismarck leave port for the North Sea.

Wednesday, May 21st, 1941

A German offensive against Heraklion is pushed away by at least 8,000 dug-in Allied soldiers.

Wednesday, May 21st, 1941

German Army troops making their way to Crete via the sea are intercepted and pummeled by elements of the Royal Navy. Just 60 of these German soldiers live to see another day.

Wednesday, May 21st, 1941

The British Navy is notified of the increase in German warship activity in the North Sea.

Wednesday, May 21st, 1941

In an effort to beef up Royal Navy presence in the North Sea, the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious and the battlecruiser HMS Repulse are called to action in support of existing forces under the command of Admiral Sir John Tovey.

Thursday, May 22nd, 1941

The HMS Greyhound, a British destroyer, is downed by German bombers.

Thursday, May 22nd, 1941

New Zealand troops are repelled from an attempt to retake the airfield at Maleme from the Germans.

Thursday, May 22nd, 1941

A hunter-killer group of 14 Royal Navy ships, including the battleships HMS King George V, HMS Hood and the HMS Prince of Wales, leave Scapa Flow.

Friday, May 23rd, 1941

German dive bombers destroy the HMS Kelly and HMS Kashmir, two Royal Navy destroyers.

Friday, May 23rd, 1941

German dive bombers destroy the HMS Gloucester and the HMS Fiji, two Royal Navy cruisers.

Friday, May 23rd, 1941

At 7:22 PM, the Royal Navy cruiser HMS Suffolk and the HMS Norfolk spot and shadow the mighty German battleship Bismarck. Its location is radioed in to Vice-Admiral L. E. Holland.

Saturday, May 24th, 1941

At 5:52 AM, the Bismarck and the Prinz Eugen fall under attack from Royal Navy ships.

Saturday, May 24th, 1941

At 6:00 AM, the Bismarck fires a salvo at the battleship HMS Hood, striker her ammunition magazine, with the resulting explosion destroying the British ship leaving only three sailors alive.

Saturday, May 24th, 1941

At 6:13 AM, the battleship Prince of Wales is damaged enough to pull out of the battle.

Saturday, May 24th, 1941

The HMS Suffolk loses track of the KMS Bismarck.

Sunday, May 25th, 1941

German Admiral Lutjens orders that the Prinz Eugen break from the Bismarck.

Monday, May 26th, 1941

A British Coastal Command PBY Catalina flying boat spots the KMS Bismarck 700 miles from Brest.

Monday, May 26th, 1941

The Royal Navy hunter-killer group receives some help with the arrival of the HMS Renown, HMS Sheffield and the HMS Ark Royal arriving from Gibraltar.

Monday, May 26th, 1941

At 2:50 PM, an attack group from the HMS Ark Royal consisting of Fairey Swordfish biplane torpedo bombers begins their attack on the Bismarck.

Monday, May 26th, 1941

Between 8:47 and 9:25 PM, the Bismarck registers two direct torpedo hits. In a stroke of luck for the British, the second torpedo hits the stern section of the Bismarck, jamming her rudder to one side, forcing the vessel to go into an uncontrolled turn.

Monday, May 26th, 1941

Royal Navy ships open fire with their long range guns and close in on their prey.

Tuesday, May 27th, 1941

The German Army takes Heraklion and her all-important airfield.

Tuesday, May 27th, 1941

At 8:47 AM, the Bismarck is now being raked from front to rear by the guns of the Royal Navy warships. The battleship HMS King George V and the HMS Rodney unleash their short range armament on the hapless German ship.

Tuesday, May 27th, 1941

At 10:00 AM, the Bismarck's guns fall silent s she takes on water and burns.

Tuesday, May 27th, 1941

At 10:36 AM, the mighty German battleship Bismarck sinks into blue depths, leaving only 115 German sailors to recount her story.

Tuesday, May 27th, 1941

The first escorted convoy - HX129 - crosses the Atlantic.

Friday, May 30th, 1941

The brave defense of Rethymnon by Australian soldiers finally falters under intense pressure from the German Army.

Saturday, May 31st, 1941

By this date, Crete is firmly entrenched under German rule.

Tuesday, July 1st, 1941

Panzergruppe 2 and Panzergruppe 3 cross the Berezina River west of Minsk, heading towards Smolensk and Vitebsk.

Thursday, July 3rd, 1941

Panzergruppe 2 and Panzergruppe 3 now form up as part of General Gunther von Kluge's 4th Panzer Army.

Wednesday, July 9th, 1941

Soviet defenses at Brest-Litovsk, Bialystok, Volkovysk, Gorodishche and Minsk fall to the invading German Army.

Wednesday, July 9th, 1941

Panzergruppe 3 continues north to Vitebsk.

Wednesday, July 9th, 1941

Gurderian's army moves south towards Mogliev.

Thursday, July 10th, 1941

Guderian's forces cross the Dniepr River 50 miles outside of Smolensk.

Sunday, July 13th, 1941

Defenses across Smolensk are prepared under the direction of the Soviet 16th Army.

Sunday, July 13th, 1941

The Soviet 19th Army makes its way into Smolensk.

Sunday, July 13th, 1941

The Soviet 20th Army arrives in Smolensk.

Wednesday, July 16th, 1941

Smolensk falls to the German 29th Motorized Division.

Wednesday, July 16th, 1941

Panzergruppe 3 heads towards Yartsevo.

Wednesday, July 16th, 1941

Marshal Timoshenko and his 4th and 13th Armies near the Sohz River counterattack the Germans at Smolensk.

Thursday, July 17th, 1941

The German Army begins to tighten the noose around the encircled Soviet forces numbering some 25 divisions.

Saturday, July 19th, 1941

A German High Command directive calls for the army to complete the destruction of Soviet forces around Smolensk and then head south to tackle forces in Kiev instead of marching on Moscow herself - this decision is viewed as the turning point to Germany's defeat in Russia.

Sunday, June 22nd, 1941

Operation Barbossa is put into effect - the German invasion of the Soviet Union.

Tuesday, July 22nd, 1941

The Soviet counterattack at Smolensk is driven back by Guderian's forces.

Tuesday, July 22nd, 1941

The German Army begins to encircled in Soviet Army pockets held up outside of Smolensk, Vitebsk and Mogilev.

Tuesday, July 22nd, 1941

A Soviet offensive meant to break the German stranglehold fails due to poor coordination.

Thursday, July 24th, 1941

The German encirclement of Soviet forces is completed.

Sunday, June 29th, 1941

General Guderian's Panzergruppe 2 meets General Hoth's Panzergruppe 3 in Minsk.

Sunday, June 29th, 1941

Russian army forces are encirlced at key cities across the Soviet Union.

Tuesday, August 5th, 1941

The Soviet defense of Smolensk is obliterated and falls taking with it the end of the Soviet 16th and 20th Armies.

Tuesday, August 5th, 1941

300,000 Soviet prisoners, 3,200 tanks and 3,100 artillery guns are captured by the Germans at Smolensk.

Tuesday, August 5th, 1941

The drive on Smolensk nets a total of 600,000 Russian prisoners of war, 5,700 tanks and 4,600 artillery pieces.

Thursday, August 21st, 1941

The first Royal Navy convoy on its way to deliver supplies through Arctic waters into the Soviet Union leaves Scapa Flow comprised of 7 ships.

Sunday, August 31st, 1941

A report stuns the RAF by showcasing how only one-in-every-three RAF bombers actually it their targets.

Monday, September 1st, 1941

German Army elements begin the shelling of Leningrad.

Monday, September 15th, 1941

The Soviet fortress at Shlusselburg southeast of Leningrad falls to the Germans.

Monday, September 15th, 1941

The Germans now control the southern end of Leningrad, cutting its citizens off from the rest of the Soviet Union.

Monday, September 15th, 1941

Finnish forces, siding with the Germans, now control the Karelian isthmus, covering Leningrad from both sides.

Thursday, September 25th, 1941

The Crimea finds itself cutoff from the rest of the Soviet Union by German Army forces made up of German Army Group South.

Friday, September 26th - November 26th, 1941

Over the course of two months, Soviet Major-General I.Y. Pretov and his band of 32,000 Independent Maritime Army soldiers set up a vast network of defenses at the fortress in Sevastopol. The defense consists of three well-defended rings.

Wednesday, October 1st - December 31st, 1941

As rations begin to run out in the encircled city of Leningrad, its citizens begin to starve.

Sunday, November 9th, 1941

The Germans take the supply line route of Tikhvin, located east of Schlusselburg.

Sunday, November 16th, 1941

By this date, Lieutenant-General von Manstein and his German 11th Army take most of Crimea with the exception of Sevastapol.

Friday, December 5th, 1941

The Soviets launch a full-scale counter-attack along a 500-mile front encompassing 19 Russian armies against Field Marshal von Bock's German Army Group Centre near Moscow.

Saturday, December 6th, 1941

No fewer than 17 German motorized divisions retreat from the Soviet advance.

Saturday, December 6th, 1941

The Soviet 31st Army cuts 12 miles into the German lines.

Tuesday, December 9th - December 13th, 1941

General Guderian's Panzergruppe 2 is cut off from General Kluge's 4th Army.

Wednesday, December 10th, 1941

The Soviets retake the town of Tikhvin.

Wednesday, December 10th, 1941

The Soviet supply route is restarted across frozen Lake Lagoda.

Thursday, December 11th, 1941

As expected, Germany and Italy side with Japan and officially declare war on the United States

Tuesday, December 16th, 1941

Amid the mounting pressures and expectations of his superiors back in Germany, Field Marshal von Bock requests reassignment away from Army Group Centre.

Wednesday, December 17th, 1941

Field Marshal von Kluge is tapped to replace Field Marshal von Bock as leader of Army Group Centre.

Wednesday, December 17th, 1941

Lieutenant-General von Manstein launches a major offensive against the Soviet soldiers holed up in the Sevastopol fortress.

Friday, December 26th, 1941

Manstein's offensive gains substantial ground, piercing the first two Soviet defensive rings.

Friday, December 26th, 1941

Soviet naval forces land army troops near Kerch.

Sunday, December 28th, 1941

More Soviet forces land near Kerch via amphibious transports, bolstering Red Army power in the area.

Sunday, December 28th, 1941

In the face of growing Soviet Army opposition, von Manstein calls off his offensive on Sevastopol.

Monday, July 6th, 1942

The Soviet city of Voronezh falls to the German Army.

Thursday, January 1st, 1942

The German U-boat fleet now numbers some 331 operational vessels.

Thursday, April 30th, 1942

Spring over Russia brings about seasonal rains turning once solid and dependable ground into a muddy nightmare for both armies. As such, offensives are limited or stalled altogether.

Thursday, April 30th, 1942

German Army forces partially regroup and recover from the constant barrage of Soviet offensives.

Thursday, April 30th, 1942

By this time, over 1 million German soldiers have been killed in action since the start of Operation Barbarossa.

Thursday, January 1st - July 31st, 1942

Some 800,000 of Leningrad's citizens are evacuated through the frozen passage above Lake Lagoda.

Thursday, January 1st - January 31st, 1942

Over the course of the month, three Soviet armies, under the command of Major-General D.T. Kozlov, are called to the newly created "Crimea Front".

Thursday, January 1st - March 1st, 1942

Off the east coast of the United States, some 216 vessels fall prey to the German U-boat scourge in this span.

Wednesday, January 7th, 1942

With progress over the Germans being made on several fronts, Soviet forces launch another offensive to try and encircle Army Group Centre.

Wednesday, January 7th, 1942

Along the Volkhov Front to the south of Novgorod, the Soviets launch a major offensive.

Sunday, January 25th, 1942

The Soviet movement begins losing steam after consecutive weeks of fighting. Man and machine are beginning to show their limitations.

Monday, February 2nd, 1942

Adolph Hitler approves of the order for retreat for German forces at Rostov.

Thursday, February 5th, 1942

Rostov is officially abandoned by General Manstein's forces.

Friday, February 6th, 1942

German General Manstein meets with Hitler and proposes a new German counter-attack against the Russians.

Thursday, February 12th, 1942

German Army Group Don is renamed Army Group South.

Thursday, February 12th, 1942

German Army Group B is renamed Army Group Center.

Saturday, February 14th - February 18th, 1942

Street fighting begins between the German I SS Panzer Corps and the Russian 3rd Tank Army and 40th Army forces in Kharkov.

Saturday, February 14th, 1942

RAF Bomber Command issues its "Area Bombing Directive", allowing the legitimate bombing of civilian areas.

Tuesday, February 17th, 1942

Adolph Hitler meets with General Manstein to plan a German counter-offensive.

Wednesday, February 18th, 1942

German forces are officially driven from the Russian city of Kharkov.

Friday, February 20th, 1942

The Germans unleash their counterattack using the 4th Panzer Amry, 1st Panzer Army and the II SS Panzer Corps.

Saturday, February 28th, 1942

The Germans recapture lost ground and push elements of the Russian Army back. The German army reaches as far in as the River Donets while General Vatutin's forces are surrounded.

Sunday, March 1st - April 30th, 1942

Hitler and his commanders flesh out Operation Blue - in invasion of the oil-rich, Russian-held Caucasus.

Sunday, March 1st - March 30th, 1942

The Soviet offensive near Novgorod is stopped by German ground and air elements.

Sunday, March 1st - March 30th, 1942

The whole Soviet 2nd Shock Army is lost near Novgorod.

Sunday, March 1st, 1942

The Avro Lancaster heavy bomber is inducted into RAF service.

Saturday, March 7th, 1942

German General Hoth and his 4th Panzer Army form up and launch an offensive against the Voronezh Front near Kharkov.

Thursday, March 12th, 1942

Street fighting throughout Kharkov erupts once more as German forces enter Kharkov.

Saturday, March 14th, 1942

The 4th Panzer Army surrounds the city of Kharkov.

Wednesday, March 18th, 1942

The Germans complete the retaking of Kharkov.

Wednesday, March 18th - March 26th, 1942

The Soviets and Germans both dig in within and around the city of Kharkov, preparing to fight another day.

Friday, March 20th, 1942

British Convoy PQ13 sets sail for Russia but comes under fire from German U-Boats. Five of the 19 ships are lost.

Saturday, March 28th, 1942

234 RAF bombers drop incendiaries on Lubeck. 12 aircraft are lost.

Saturday, March 28th, 1942

The British utilize the "Gee" electronic navigation system for the first time.

Wednesday, April 1st - May 31st, 1942

Over a two month period, German forces are resupplied and strengthened before a major offensive - Operation Bustard - to remove the Soviets from the Kerch peninsula. Among the resupply deliveries are 33 massive artillery pieces meant to destroy the Soviet defensive works at the fort in Sevastopol.

Sunday, April 5th, 1942

Hitler issues the official Fuhrer Directive for Operation Blue.

Friday, May 8th, 1942

Operation Blue begins.

Friday, May 8th, 1942

German General Manstein leads his 11th Army onto the Kerch Peninsula towards the city of Sevastopol.

Friday, May 8th, 1942

Lieutenant-General von Manstein launches his assault.

Tuesday, May 12th, 1942

Soviet ground forces launch a pre-emptive offensive against German-held Kharkov.

Tuesday, May 12th, 1942

German forces enact Operation Fridericus and attempt to take Izyum.

Thursday, May 14th, 1942

The convoy system is formally adopted by the United States in an effort to protect its merchant shipping in the Atlantic.

Friday, May 15th, 1942

Manstein's offensive results in the taking of the Kerch peninsula from the Soviets.

Friday, May 15th, 1942

Sevastopol is cutt off from the rest of the Soviet Union by German Army elements.

Friday, May 15th, 1942

Manstein begins planning his next major offensive to take Sevastopol - this becomes Operation Sturgeon.

Wednesday, May 20th, 1942

The 2nd Canadian Infantry Division begins training for Operation Rutter on the Isle of Wight.

Tuesday, May 26th, 1942

Rommel begins his offense against the Gazala Line, made up of some 50 miles of British defenses.

Tuesday, May 26th, 1942

Beginning at 7:00PM, the German 90th Infantry Division, the 15th and 21st Panzer Divisions and the Italian XX Corps under Rommel launch their offensive along the southern portion of the Gazala Line.

Wednesday, May 27th, 1942

German forces south of Bir Hacheim make progress and begin to move northwards.

Wednesday, May 27th, 1942

The 1st Free French Brigade at Bir Hacheim holds off the German progress.

Thursday, May 28th, 1942

While trying to take Sidra Ridge, German Panzer force casaulties begin to mount significantly.

Saturday, May 30th, 1942

RAF Bomber Command attack Cologne with 1,046 aircraft in the first of their "1,000 Bomber" raids.

Sunday, May 31st, 1942

As the Allied defense along the Gazala line holds, Rommel is forced to change tactics, now concentrating his forces against the British 150th Brigade near Sidi Muftah.

Sunday, May 31st, 1942

Rommel orders his forces to begin defensive preparations across a 10 mile stretch.

Monday, June 1st, 1942

Nearly 30% of German tanks have been lost in Rommel's offensive.

Monday, June 1st - June 3rd, 1942

A German pocket develops near Sidi Muftah.

Monday, June 1st - June 30th, 1942

June of 1942 marks the single worst month of Allied shipping losses, totaling some 834,000 tons of goods at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean.

Tuesday, June 2nd, 1942

600 German artillery guns open fire on Sevastopol.

Friday, June 5th, 1942

The Allies attempt an offensive to drive the German pocket back from Sidi Muftah and fail. 230 Allied tanks are lost in the attack.

Saturday, June 6th, 1942

The German Luftwaffe is called in to bomb Sevastopol.

Saturday, June 6th, 1942

The British 150th Brigade is utterly destroyed under the German assault, resulting in 4,000 British prisoners of war.

Sunday, June 7th, 1942

The German artillery guns cease fire on Sevastopol. The bombardment on the Soviets has spanned five days.

Sunday, June 7th, 1942

The German 11th Army begins their assault on Sevastopol from the north at 2:30AM.

Wednesday, June 10th, 1942

The 1st Free French Brigade at Bir Hacheim can hold no more and retreat under the mounting German pressure.

Thursday, June 11th, 1942

The German-allied Romanian Mountain Corps and 30th Army Corps launch their attack on Sevastopol.

Thursday, June 11th, 1942

The German Army breaks out of their pocket near Sidi Muftah.

Thursday, June 11th, 1942

German forces breaking out near Sidi Muftah target the British 7th Armored Division near El Adem.

Thursday, June 11th, 1942

The Allies go into full retreat as the Germans advance.

Friday, June 12th - June 16th, 1942

The German offensive against Sevastopol is repulsed by the 180,000 or so Russian soldiers holed up in the city.

Wednesday, June 17th, 1942

Manstein launches another assault on Sevastopol.

Thursday, June 18th, 1942

The city of Tobruk, defended by the 2nd South African Division, is completely surrounded by German forces.

Saturday, June 20th, 1942

Rommel begins his offensive against the defenders in Tobruk.

Saturday, June 20th, 1942

Artillery shells and Luftwaffe bombs rain upon Tobruk.

Saturday, June 20th, 1942

At 7:00PM, the German 15th and 21st Panzer Divisions have made it past Tobruk's first line of defense, making headway into the city.

Sunday, June 21st, 1942

The 2nd South African Division under Allied General Klopper officially concede defeat and hand control of Tobruk to the Germans.

Saturday, June 27th, 1942

The Soviet Army is encircled and defeated at Kharkov, netting the Germans some 250,000 Soviet prisoners.

Saturday, June 27th, 1942

German forces complete their capture of Izyum.

Saturday, June 27th, 1942

The Romanian and German army forces capture key hilltop positions near Sevastopol.

Saturday, June 27th - July 28th, 1942

Convoy PQ17 loses 34 of its 36 ships to Geman U-Boats and surface ships.

Sunday, June 28th, 1942

The German Army turns its attention towards the Volga.

Sunday, June 28th, 1942

The German 2nd Army and 4th Panzer Army launch their attack towards Voronezh near Kursk.

Sunday, June 28th, 1942

German forces reach the outskirts of Sevastopol.

Sunday, June 28th, 1942

By this date, over 90% of the Soviet defensive fortifications have fallen to the Germans.

Tuesday, June 30th, 1942

German General Paulus attacks at Belgorod.

Tuesday, June 30th, 1942

Evacuation of Russian soldiers from Sevastopol begins with help from the Soviet Black Sea Fleet under Vice-Admiral F.S. Oktyabrsky.

Wednesday, July 1st - July 22nd, 1942

The First Battle of El Alamein takes place with Erwin Rommel hoping to put a dent in the Allied defense near El Alamain. Rommel's forces consist of his Afrika Corps and three Italian troop corps.

Wednesday, July 1st, 1942

German General Erwin Rommel attempts to break through the Allied defensive perimeter at El Alamein.

Wednesday, July 1st - July 31st, 1942

Hitler orders two directives in the operation against Leningrad. The first calls for its immediate encirclement and the second for its immediate destruction from land and air.

Wednesday, July 1st, 1942

One last German push secures strategic positions throughout the city of Sevastopol.

Thursday, July 2nd, 1942

The Soviet city of Sevastopol officially falls to the Germans.

Thursday, July 2nd, 1942

The last of the Soviet forces are evacuated by sea leaving little to stop the German onslaught.

Friday, July 3rd, 1942

The Allies put up a stubborn defense, repelling Rommel's offensive.

Saturday, July 4th, 1942

Sevastopol officially falls to German control.

Saturday, July 4th, 1942

German control and the subsequent round up on the city nets some 90,000 Soviet army prisoners of war.

Monday, July 6th, 1942

The German 6th Army reaches the Don River.

Monday, July 6th, 1942

The German 6th Army moves on Stalingrad.

Tuesday, July 7th, 1942

German General Field Marshal List takes command of the new Army Goup A, made up of the 1st Panzer Army and the 17th Army.

Tuesday, July 7th, 1942

This date is set aside for Operation Rutter - the amphibious landing at the port city of Dieppe in occupied France.

Tuesday, July 7th, 1942

Bad weather cancels this original date for Operation Rutter. Discussions begin on whether or not to nix the entire endeavor. It returns to the planning stages under a new name - Operation Jubilee.

Thursday, July 9th, 1942

The German Army begins its move towards Rostov.

Thursday, July 9th, 1942

German Army Group South is renamed Army Group B and placed under the control of Field Marshal von Bock.

Monday, July 13th, 1942

General von Weichs takes control of Army Group B from Bock.

Monday, July 13th, 1942

Adolf Hitler assigns General Paulus and his 6th Army to take Stalingrad.

Friday, July 17th, 1942

Hitler diverts the 4th Panzer Army away from Stalingrad and sends them towards the Caucasus.

Sunday, July 19th, 1942

German U-boats off the eastern coast of the US are relocated to better assault the merchant fleets streaming across the Atlantic.

Thursday, July 23rd, 1942

Rostov falls to the German Army Group A, netting some 83,000 Soviet prisoners as a result.

Thursday, July 23rd, 1942

Hitler issues a supplemental directive to Operation Blue requiring his 6th Army to take Stalingrad.

Tuesday, July 28th, 1942

The macabre resolution of "not one step backwards" is issued by Stalin to his generals and troops.

Saturday, August 1st - August 30th, 1942

German forces are strengthened by the arrival of another Italian division, a German parachute brigade and more tanks.

Saturday, August 1st, 1942

De Havilland DH 98 Mosquito twin-engine fighters are assigned as "Pathfinder" units charged with lighting up ground targets via flares and incendiary ordnance for ensuing RAF heavy bombers.

Saturday, August 1st - August 31st, 1942

Any further convoys passing to the Arctic to Russia are suspended for the time being as resources are pressed for service in the Allied landings occurring in North Africa.

Tuesday, August 4th, 1942

Elements of the German Army cross the Aksay River towards Stalingrad.

Thursday, August 6th, 1942

The German Army crosses the Kuban River near Armavir.

Friday, August 7th, 1942

Elements of the German Army attack Soviet forces near Kalach.

Sunday, August 9th, 1942

Army Group A captures the Maikop oil field on the Black Sea.

Sunday, August 9th, 1942

The German German Army captures the strategic port of Yeysk and Krasnador on the Sea of Azov.

Friday, August 14th, 1942

German forces cross the Kuban river near Krasnador.

Wednesday, August 19th, 1942

This date is targeted for Operation Jubilee.

Wednesday, August 19th, 1942

Operation Jubilee is officially put into action.

Wednesday, August 19th, 1942

4,962 Canadian soldiers, along with 1,000 British troops and a 50-man contingent of American US Army Rangers set sail on no fewer than 237 boats towards Dieppe.

Wednesday, August 19th, 1942

At 3:48 AM, several Allied invasion vessels run into a German convoy, which actively engages the ships, ruining any chance the Allies held in the element of surprise. This event is a fore-telling of the day to follow.

Wednesday, August 19th, 1942

At 4:30 AM, Canadian soldiers wade ashore and take on the German coastal batteries at Berneval, Puys, Pourville and Varengville.

Wednesday, August 19th, 1942

At 5:20 AM, the main invasion force - made up of the 14th Army Tank Regiment, the Essex Scottish Regiment, and the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry - come ashore.

Wednesday, August 19th, 1942

At 5:35 AM, Allied armor makes it to the beach. Over half of the tanks are lost in the action.