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German Invasion of Norway - (April 9th - June 10th, 1940)


Timeline detailing the events of German Invasion of Norway in day-by-day format.
  German Invasion of Norway: German infantry advance in Norway.  
Picture of the German Invasion of Norway

The Allies tried - and failed - to save Norway from conquest by the Axis powers when German attention turned north to Scandanavia.



The German invasion of Norway marked the first time that Axis and Allied ground forces met in face-to-face combat. A sizeable German invasion force was sent northward to claim the Scandinavian country - giving it a land corridor to valuable Swedish ore. The invasion commenced on April 9th, 1940 and went on to write another chapter in the growing story of World War 2.

Alongside Norway, the other territorial objective of the day was Denmark - which was taken with little trouble on the 9th. The landings across Norway then followed by sea and air. Allied warships found some early success at the First Battle of Narvik but Oslo came under pressure and forced its high profile leaders to vacate the city and ultimately arrange for a government-in-exile aboard a British ship. Various other major Norwegian cities became targets of the German aggression - again by land, sea, and air. The Allies responded with various offensives to help stem the enemy advances but communication proved poor and its troops were ill-equipped for cold weather fighting.

Despite the Allied resistance - which failed to show up for Poland and Finland - the Norwegian campaign was a failure for the defenders. The surrender of Norway was complete on June 10th, 1940. ©www.SecondWorldWarHistory.com


There are a total of (31) German Invasion of Norway events in the SecondWorldWarHistory.com database. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). Other leading and trailing events are also included for perspective.




April 8th
1940

HMS Glowworm intercepts a portion of the German invasion fleet headed to Norway.

April 9th
1940

The German invasion force strikes Norway and Denmark.

April 9th
1940

Norwegian coastal guns sink the German cruiser Blucher with 1,600 lives being lost.

April 9th
1940

Norwegian royalty and its government flee northward from the invasion.

April 9th
1940

HMS Rodney, a British battlecruiser, engages the German warships KMS Gneisenau and KMS Scharnhorst.

April 10th
1940

KMS Konigsberg, a German light cruiser, becomes the first warship sunk by dive bombing at Bergen.

April 10th
1940

Five British destroyers surprise a German force of ten destroyers near Narvik. Nine German cargo ships are lost as well as two destroyers. The British also lose a pair of destroyers in the action.

April 12th
1940

British aerial bombing of KMS Admiral Hipper, KMS Gneisenau, and KMS Scharnhorst fail to net the needed results.

April 13th
1940

The Second Battle of Narvik nets the British eight German destroyers and a submarine.

April 14th
1940

An Allied rescue force made up of British, Polish, and French begin arriving at Namsos, Alesund, and Narvik.

April 20th - April 30th
1940

The German defense at Trondheim holds and prepares for reinforcements.

April 24th
1940

Allied naval guns open up on German positions at Narvik in preparation for a ground assault.

May 1st - May 2nd
1940

Allied forces abandon their missions at Namsos and Andalsnes.

May 2nd
1940

German forces arrive at Andalsnas.

May 3rd
1940

Duringan evacuation operation, the French destroyer Bison and the British destroyer Afridi are sunk by air attack.

May 5th
1940

French and Polish forces land at Tromso and Harstad.

May 13th
1940

Norwegian forces move on Narvik.

May 13th
1940

French forces land at Bjerkvik.

May 17th
1940

The British lose HMS Effingham when it runs aground near Narvik.

May 21st
1940

The Allies are able to make some gains near Narvik.

May 26th
1940

The British lose HMS Curlew in an attack from the air.

May 27th
1940

The Allies enter Narvik.

May 27th
1940

German warplanes destroyer the city of Bodo.

May 31st
1940

British forces at Bodo evacuate.

June 1st
1940

The British and French governments notify the Norwegian government of their plans to evacuate.

June 4th
1940

Allied forces at Harstad begin their evacuation of the area.

June 7th
1940

The Norwegian government joins several other powers as a government-in-exile. Its officials board HMS Devonshire for their escape.

June 8th
1940

The Germans enact Operation Juno to relieve its forces at Narvik.

June 8th
1940

HMS Glorious is sunk by KMS Scharnhorst and KMS Gneisenau.

June 9th
1940

The Norwegian military is ordered to surrender.

June 10th
1940

The invasion of Norway is complete, the victory going to the Germans.