Timeline of the German Invasion of Norway (April 9th - June 10th, 1940)

Timeline of the German Invasion of Norway (April 9th - June 10th, 1940)

The Allies tried - and failed - to save Norway from conquest by the Axis powers when German attention turned north to Scandanavia.





The German invasion of Norway marked the first time that Axis and Allied ground forces met in face-to-face combat. A sizeable German invasion force was sent northward to claim the Scandinavian country - giving it a land corridor to valuable Swedish ore. The invasion commenced on April 9th, 1940 and went on to write another chapter in the growing story of World War 2.


Alongside Norway, the other territorial objective of the day was Denmark - which was taken with little trouble on the 9th. The landings across Norway then followed by sea and air. Allied warships found some early success at the First Battle of Narvik but Oslo came under pressure and forced its high profile leaders to vacate the city and ultimately arrange for a government-in-exile aboard a British ship. Various other major Norwegian cities became targets of the German aggression - again by land, sea, and air. The Allies responded with various offensives to help stem the enemy advances but communication proved poor and its troops were ill-equipped for cold weather fighting.


Despite the Allied resistance - which failed to show up for Poland and Finland - the Norwegian campaign was a failure for the defenders. The surrender of Norway was complete on June 10th, 1940. ©www.SecondWorldWarHistory.com




There are a total of (31) entries in the Timeline of the German Invasion of Norway (April 9th - June 10th, 1940). Entries are listed below by earliest date to latest date.


April 8th
1940
HMS Glowworm intercepts a portion of the German invasion fleet headed to Norway.
April 9th
1940
The German invasion force strikes Norway and Denmark.
April 9th
1940
Norwegian coastal guns sink the German cruiser Blucher with 1,600 lives being lost.
April 9th
1940
Norwegian royalty and its government flee northward from the invasion.
April 9th
1940
HMS Rodney, a British battlecruiser, engages the German warships KMS Gneisenau and KMS Scharnhorst.
April 10th
1940
KMS Konigsberg, a German light cruiser, becomes the first warship sunk by dive bombing at Bergen.
April 10th
1940
Five British destroyers surprise a German force of ten destroyers near Narvik. Nine German cargo ships are lost as well as two destroyers. The British also lose a pair of destroyers in the action.
April 12th
1940
British aerial bombing of KMS Admiral Hipper, KMS Gneisenau, and KMS Scharnhorst fail to net the needed results.
April 13th
1940
The Second Battle of Narvik nets the British eight German destroyers and a submarine.
April 14th
1940
An Allied rescue force made up of British, Polish, and French begin arriving at Namsos, Alesund, and Narvik.
April 20th - April 30th
1940
The German defense at Trondheim holds and prepares for reinforcements.
April 24th
1940
Allied naval guns open up on German positions at Narvik in preparation for a ground assault.
May 1st - May 2nd
1940
Allied forces abandon their missions at Namsos and Andalsnes.
May 2nd
1940
German forces arrive at Andalsnas.
May 3rd
1940
Duringan evacuation operation, the French destroyer Bison and the British destroyer Afridi are sunk by air attack.
May 5th
1940
French and Polish forces land at Tromso and Harstad.
May 13th
1940
Norwegian forces move on Narvik.
May 13th
1940
French forces land at Bjerkvik.
May 17th
1940
The British lose HMS Effingham when it runs aground near Narvik.
May 21st
1940
The Allies are able to make some gains near Narvik.
May 26th
1940
The British lose HMS Curlew in an attack from the air.
May 27th
1940
The Allies enter Narvik.
May 27th
1940
German warplanes destroyer the city of Bodo.
May 31st
1940
British forces at Bodo evacuate.
June 1st
1940
The British and French governments notify the Norwegian government of their plans to evacuate.
June 4th
1940
Allied forces at Harstad begin their evacuation of the area.
June 7th
1940
The Norwegian government joins several other powers as a government-in-exile. Its officials board HMS Devonshire for their escape.
June 8th
1940
The Germans enact Operation Juno to relieve its forces at Narvik.
June 8th
1940
HMS Glorious is sunk by KMS Scharnhorst and KMS Gneisenau.
June 9th
1940
The Norwegian military is ordered to surrender.
June 10th
1940
The invasion of Norway is complete, the victory going to the Germans.