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Timeline of the Invasion of Norway (April 9th - June 10th, 1940)

Timeline of the Invasion of Norway (April 9th - June 10th, 1940)

The Allies tried - and failed - to save Norway from conquest by the Axis powers when German attention turned north to Scandanavia.





The German invasion of Norway marked the first time that Axis and Allied ground forces met in face-to-face combat. A sizeable German invasion force was sent northward to claim the Scandinavian country - giving it a land corridor to valuable Swedish ore. The invasion commenced on April 9th, 1940 and went on to write another chapter in the growing story of World War 2.


Alongside Norway, the other territorial objective of the day was Denmark - which was taken with little trouble on the 9th. The landings across Norway then followed by sea and air. Allied warships found some early success at the First Battle of Narvik but Oslo came under pressure and forced its high profile leaders to vacate the city and ultimately arrange for a government-in-exile aboard a British ship. Various other major Norwegian cities became targets of the German aggression - again by land, sea, and air. The Allies responded with various offensives to help stem the enemy advances but communication proved poor and its troops were ill-equipped for cold weather fighting.


Despite the Allied resistance - which failed to show up for Poland and Finland - the Norwegian campaign was a failure for the defenders. The surrender of Norway was complete on June 10th, 1940.





There are a total of (31) entries in the Timeline of the Invasion of Norway (April 9th - June 10th, 1940). Entries are listed below by date of occurrence ascending.


1940
Monday
April 8th

HMS Glowworm intercepts a portion of the German invasion fleet headed to Norway.

1940
Tuesday
April 9th

The German invasion force strikes Norway and Denmark.

1940
Tuesday
April 9th

Norwegian coastal guns sink the German cruiser Blucher with 1,600 lives being lost.

1940
Tuesday
April 9th

Norwegian royalty and its government flee northward from the invasion.

1940
Tuesday
April 9th

HMS Rodney, a British battlecruiser, engages the German warships KMS Gneisenau and KMS Scharnhorst.

1940
Wednesday
April 10th

KMS Konigsberg, a German light cruiser, becomes the first warship sunk by dive bombing at Bergen.

1940
Wednesday
April 10th

Five British destroyers surprise a German force of ten destroyers near Narvik. Nine German cargo ships are lost as well as two destroyers. The British also lose a pair of destroyers in the action.

1940
Friday
April 12th

British aerial bombing of KMS Admiral Hipper, KMS Gneisenau, and KMS Scharnhorst fail to net the needed results.

1940
Saturday
April 13th

The Second Battle of Narvik nets the British eight German destroyers and a submarine.

1940
Sunday
April 14th

An Allied rescue force made up of British, Polish, and French begin arriving at Namsos, Alesund, and Narvik.

1940
Saturday
April 20th - April 30th

The German defense at Trondheim holds and prepares for reinforcements.

1940
Wednesday
April 24th

Allied naval guns open up on German positions at Narvik in preparation for a ground assault.

1940
Wednesday
May 1st - May 2nd

Allied forces abandon their missions at Namsos and Andalsnes.

1940
Thursday
May 2nd

German forces arrive at Andalsnas.

1940
Friday
May 3rd

Duringan evacuation operation, the French destroyer Bison and the British destroyer Afridi are sunk by air attack.

1940
Sunday
May 5th

French and Polish forces land at Tromso and Harstad.

1940
Monday
May 13th

Norwegian forces move on Narvik.

1940
Monday
May 13th

French forces land at Bjerkvik.

1940
Friday
May 17th

The British lose HMS Effingham when it runs aground near Narvik.

1940
Tuesday
May 21st

The Allies are able to make some gains near Narvik.

1940
Sunday
May 26th

The British lose HMS Curlew in an attack from the air.

1940
Monday
May 27th

The Allies enter Narvik.

1940
Monday
May 27th

German warplanes destroyer the city of Bodo.

1940
Friday
May 31st

British forces at Bodo evacuate.

1940
Saturday
June 1st

The British and French governments notify the Norwegian government of their plans to evacuate.

1940
Tuesday
June 4th

Allied forces at Harstad begin their evacuation of the area.

1940
Friday
June 7th

The Norwegian government joins several other powers as a government-in-exile. Its officials board HMS Devonshire for their escape.

1940
Saturday
June 8th

The Germans enact Operation Juno to relieve its forces at Narvik.

1940
Saturday
June 8th

HMS Glorious is sunk by KMS Scharnhorst and KMS Gneisenau.

1940
Sunday
June 9th

The Norwegian military is ordered to surrender.

1940
Monday
June 10th

The invasion of Norway is complete, the victory going to the Germans.


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