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Battle of Sevastopol Timeline

Authored By Dan Alex | Last Updated: 5/12/2014

The strategic Crimea Peninsula port city of Sevastopol eventually fell under the crosshairs of the restless German Army.

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Germany now eyed the strategic position on the Crimea peninsula still under Soviet control. And though progress was being made, the city of Sevastopol was able to reinforce and supply resulting in some 180,000 Red Army soldiers flooding into the city. Along with an impressive head count, the city sported a fort and defensive fortifications including three rings were constructed. It would seem that this particular target would have to be paid in German blood and sweat.


German Generaloberst Erich von Manstein was charged with the task. Through an initial assault, the Russian defense holds up. A second assault through Operation Bustard is launched, this utilizing 33 massive fortification-busting artillery pieces delivered to the German Army between April and May in 1942. The assault nets some 170,000 Russian prisoners and isolates Sevastopol. Manstein therefore enacts Operation Sturgeon and calls on a 5-day artillery barrage of the city. This is compounded by bombardment from the air via Luftwaffe bombers.


German progress is halted by the valiant Soviet defense. A renewed assault under Manstein's orders yields greater results, with key Soviet hilltop positions and defensive fortifications falling under German control. The damage is such that the Soviets begin their evacuation of Sevastopol.


Germany finally takes Sevastopol and another 90,000 Soviet Army prisoners - and along with that - complete control of the Crimea peninsula and the port at Sevastopol.


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There are a total of 29 the Battle of Sevastopol Timeline Events. Entries are listed below by date of occurrence.

1941
Thursday
September 25th

The Crimea finds itself cutoff from the rest of the Soviet Union by German Army forces made up of German Army Group South.

1941
Sunday
November 16th

By this date, Lieutenant-General von Manstein and his German 11th Army take most of Crimea with the exception of Sevastapol.

1941
Friday
September 26th - November 26th

Over the course of two months, Soviet Major-General I.Y. Pretov and his band of 32,000 Independent Maritime Army soldiers set up a vast network of defenses at the fortress in Sevastopol. The defense consists of three well-defended rings.

1941
Wednesday
December 17th

Lieutenant-General von Manstein launches a major offensive against the Soviet soldiers holed up in the Sevastopol fortress.

1941
Friday
December 26th

Manstein's offensive gains substantial ground, piercing the first two Soviet defensive rings.

1941
Friday
December 26th

Soviet naval forces land army troops near Kerch.

1941
Sunday
December 28th

More Soviet forces land near Kerch via amphibious transports, bolstering Red Army power in the area.

1941
Sunday
December 28th

In the face of growing Soviet Army opposition, von Manstein calls off his offensive on Sevastopol.

1942
Thursday
January 1st - January 31st

Over the course of the month, three Soviet armies, under the command of Major-General D.T. Kozlov, are called to the newly created "Crimea Front".

1942
Wednesday
April 1st - May 31st

Over a two month period, German forces are resupplied and strengthened before a major offensive - Operation Bustard - to remove the Soviets from the Kerch peninsula. Among the resupply deliveries are 33 massive artillery pieces meant to destroy the Soviet defensive works at the fort in Sevastopol.

1942
Friday
May 8th

Lieutenant-General von Manstein launches his assault.

1942
Friday
May 15th

Manstein's offensive results in the taking of the Kerch peninsula from the Soviets.

1942
Friday
May 15th

Sevastopol is cutt off from the rest of the Soviet Union by German Army elements.

1942
Friday
May 15th

Manstein begins planning his next major offensive to take Sevastopol - this becomes Operation Sturgeon.

1942
Tuesday
June 2nd

600 German artillery guns open fire on Sevastopol.

1942
Sunday
June 7th

The German artillery guns cease fire on Sevastopol. The bombardment on the Soviets has spanned five days.

1942
Saturday
June 6th

The German Luftwaffe is called in to bomb Sevastopol.

1942
Sunday
June 7th

The German 11th Army begins their assault on Sevastopol from the north at 2:30AM.

1942
Thursday
June 11th

The German-allied Romanian Mountain Corps and 30th Army Corps launch their attack on Sevastopol.

1942
Friday
June 12th - June 16th

The German offensive against Sevastopol is repulsed by the 180,000 or so Russian soldiers holed up in the city.

1942
Wednesday
June 17th

Manstein launches another assault on Sevastopol.

1942
Saturday
June 27th

The Romanian and German army forces capture key hilltop positions near Sevastopol.

1942
Sunday
June 28th

German forces reach the outskirts of Sevastopol.

1942
Sunday
June 28th

By this date, over 90% of the Soviet defensive fortifications have fallen to the Germans.

1942
Tuesday
June 30th

Evacuation of Russian soldiers from Sevastopol begins with help from the Soviet Black Sea Fleet under Vice-Admiral F.S. Oktyabrsky.

1942
Wednesday
July 1st

One last German push secures strategic positions throughout the city of Sevastopol.

1942
Thursday
July 2nd

The last of the Soviet forces are evacuated by sea leaving little to stop the German onslaught.

1942
Saturday
July 4th

Sevastopol officially falls to German control.

1942
Saturday
July 4th

German control and the subsequent round up on the city nets some 90,000 Soviet army prisoners of war.