World War 2 Events of 1944

World War 2 Events of 1944

1944 proved the critical year for the war, the offensives of 1943 finally beginning to show their fruits throughout both theaters of war.





There are a total of (266) entries in the World War 2 Events of 1944. Entries are listed below by earliest date to latest date.


January 1st
1944
A message to subordinates by US Army Air Force commanding general General H.H. Hap Arnold calls for the destruction of the German Luftwaffe before Allied landings can begin.
January 11th
1944
The first major Allied offensive to take Cassino is launched.
January 11th
1944
French Expeditionary Corps assail the outer defences at Cassino, achieving modest gains.
January 14th
1944
Soviet armies from the 2nd Baltic, Volkov and Leningrad fronts overtake German Army Group North in a massive two-week offensive.
January 16th
1944
The US IC Corps and the French Expeditionary Corps arrive at Rapido River.
January 17th
1944
The US is involved in their first major assault on Cassino.
January 18th - February 9th
1944
US forces begin making headway through the Liri Valley, capturing ground at Monte Calvario.
January 21st
1944
In the afternoon hours, an Allied convoy of 243 ships sets sail from the Bay of Naples for the beaches at Anzio and nearby Nettuno.
January 22nd
1944
By 12AM midnight, some 45,000 Allied troops and 3,000 vehicles are on the beaches.
January 22nd
1944
American forces hold the line at Mussolini Canal.
January 22nd
1944
British forces hold the line at River Moletta.
January 22nd
1944
Operation Shingle, the amphibious landings at Anzio, is enacted by the Allied. In lead is the US VI Corps under Major-General John Lucas.
January 23rd
1944
The German Luftwaffe begins heavy strafing attacks and bombardment of Allied forces.
January 23rd
1944
German Colonel-General von Mackensen takes control of the new 14th Army headquartered 30 miles west of Rome.
January 23rd
1944
The Anzio beachhead is consolidated into a concentrated pocket on the orders of Lucas.
January 25th
1944
The Anzio beachhead continues to grow with Allied troops and equipment, making it a prime target for the regrouping Germans.
January 27th
1944
The siege of Leningrad is declared by Soviet leader Stalin as over.
January 27th
1944
The Moscow-Leningrad railway route is reopened in favor of the Soviets.
January 28th
1944
The Germans are driven back at Cisterna.
January 28th
1944
By this date, some 70,000 men, 27,000 tons of goods, 508 artillery guns and 237 tanks are ashore on the beachhead.
January 28th
1944
Hitler delivers an ultimatum to supreme commander-in-chief over Italy operations, Field Marshall Kesselring, to fight to the death and drive the invading Allied forces into the sea.
January 28th
1944
Von Mackensen moves six divisions to Anzio, some ten miles of the Allied beachhead.
January 28th
1944
The US 1st Armored Division captures the town of Aprilia.
January 28th
1944
German Army Group North is pushed away from the city of Leningrad.
January 30th
1944
The Allies suffer some 5,000 casualties in the Anzio action by this date.
January 31st
1944
Von Mackensen's forces now number some eight divisions in strength.
February 10th
1944
In a counter offensive, crack German paratroopers repel US forces and previous Allied gains are lost.
February 11th
1944
US and Indian losses mount in the offensives against German positions in Calvario, the town of Cassino and Monte Cassino itself.
February 11th
1944
The entire US 142nd Regiment is destroyed.
February 11th
1944
The 4th Indian Division reports unacceptably high casualties when coming up against the stout German defenders.
February 11th
1944
The 34th and 36th US Divisions both report a high number of casualties from the ensuing offensives.
February 11th
1944
A blanket retreat is enacted by the Allies in an attempt to regroup and plan a new strategy to take Cassino.
February 12th
1944
Winston Churchill pens a critical letter to supreme commander-in-chief of Allied operations in Italy. In his writings he claims he expected to see "a wild cat roaring" and has seen nothing but a "whale wallowing on the beaches".
February 14th
1944
The offensive is detailed further, taking the latest developments into account.
February 14th
1944
American bombers strike the production facilities at Schweinfurt.
February 15th
1944
Following the Allied aerial bombardment, the second major Allied offensive to take Cassino is launched.
February 15th - February 18th
1944
The 4th Indian Division assault is repelled and driven away, suffering high casualties.
February 15th - February 18th
1944
The 2nd New Zealand Division assault is twarted and driven back, suffering high casualties.
February 15th - February 18th
1944
The 2nd New Zealand Division is charged with taking the railway station at Cassino.
February 15th
1944
German forces, having never held a defensive position in the monestary proper, move into the resulting debris from the surrounding mountain slopes and set up solid defensive positions within the rubble.
February 15th
1944
In an effort to destroy the believed German defensive positions atop Monte Cassino, Allied bombers numbering 229 strong, lay waste to the monestary.
February 15th - February 18th
1944
The 4th Indian Division is charged with taking both Monte Calvario and Monastary Hill.
February 16th
1944
Kesselring launches a large counterattack against the invading Allied forces.
February 17th
1944
The Allies lose some four miles of territory but stand fast outside of Anzio.
February 19th - March 13th
1944
The Italian winter makes its arrival and postpones any further Allied offensives for the next month.
February 19th
1944
Better weather finally arrives allowing the RAF to send up its first 823-strong heavy bomber force. The target is Leipzig and 78 bombers are lost to the German defense.
February 20th
1944
American bombers and fighters take to the skies in force in support of the new bombing campaign. They number over 1,000 bombers and 660 fighters in escort. Twelve industrial target locations across Germany are hit. 21 American aircraft are lost.
February 20th
1944
Some 598 RAF bombers are sent airborne.
February 20th
1944
The German attack is more or less repelled, at the cost of 5,500 German casualties.
February 21st
1944
The Americans respond with another wave of 861 bombers with escorts. The target is the Luftwaffe production center in Brunswick.
February 22nd
1944
The Allies replace the ineffective Major-General Lucas with Major-General Lucius Truscott.
February 22nd
1944
Bad weather forces many-an-inflight accident for US bomber groups. Some 41 aircraft are lost. Nijmegen is accidentally bombed, causing over 200 civilian deaths.
February 22nd
1944
American bomber groups begin medium bombing operations from bases within Italy.
February 23rd
1944
Bad weather postpones any further bombing actions for the time being. The Allies take this time to recoup and repair.
February 24th
1944
A British bomber force made up of Handley Page Halifaxes and Avro Lancasters take part in a night-bombing raid on Schweinfurt, dropping some 2,000 tons of ordnance on the area.
February 24th
1944
With weather clearing, operations of Big Week continue. 266 American bombers strike Schweinfurt.
February 24th
1944
733 RAF bombers strike at Schweinfurt in a night time raid. 33 aircraft are lost.
February 24th
1944
The USAAF 1st Division launches another bombing raid on Schweinfurt through 238 bombers and long-range escort fighters. Eleven aircraft are lost.
February 24th
1944
Over 900 American bombers are sent airborne to bomb aircraft-producing factories including Schweinfurt.
February 25th
1944
The final American air raid of Big Week is launched with 900 bombers against Regensburg, Augsburg and Forth.
February 25th
1944
By the end of it all, 3,300 Allied sorties are launched in the offensive and 226 bombers are lost. 290 German fighters are destroyed and another further 90 are damaged.
February 25th
1944
RAF bombers hit Augsburg with 594 aircraft in a night time raid.
February 29th
1944
Von Mackensen cancels the German offensive amidst mounting casualties and little gain.
March 1st - May 22nd
1944
The Anzio engagement is limited to minor activity for the time being, with the Allies dug in and the Germans trying to dislodge the invaders by limited means.
March 15th
1944
A third major Allied offensive is put into action.
March 15th - March 21st
1944
Positions on Monte Cassino are officially in Allied hands.
March 15th - March 21st
1944
The 78th British Division makes headway thanks to the support of Allied armor.
March 15th - March 21st
1944
The 2nd New Zealand Division captures German-held position with the help of Allied armor support.
March 15th
1944
Artillery guns open up on Cassino while 600-plus Allied bombers attempt to shake the German defenders.
March 15th - March 21st
1944
Against mounting casualties but with tank support, the 4th Indian Division gains ground.
March 22nd
1944
With mounting losses in both manpower and tanks, further Allied thrusts are called off.
March 23rd - May 10th
1944
A lengthy six-week period allows the Allies to rebuild their forces - though this period allows the Germans to increase their defensive foothold.
March 30th - March 31st
1944
Some 100 Avro Lancaster and Handley Page Halifax bombers mistakenly drop 400-tons of ordnance on Schweinfurt, thinking that it is their target of Nuremburg.
March 30th
1944
795 RAF bombers attack Nuremburg with 95 aircraft lost to action. This mission marks the biggest RAF loss to date.
April 1st - June 5th
1944
Allied bombers increase their sorties across Northern and Western France in preparations of the D-Day landings. Targets include the vital railways, railyards, bridges and roads dotting the French landscape. These facilities will prove crucial to the German response to the invasion.
April 3rd
1944
The KMS Tirpitz is targeted once more and attack, this time by air elements of the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm. The battleship lives through the attack but suffers three more months of repairs as a result.
May 1st - May 31st
1944
Plans begin for a major Soviet offensive against the German Army in the East.
May 1st - July 31st
1944
The upcoming invasion at Normany puts a temporary halt on further convoy runs into Russia.
May 11th
1944
The fourth offensive to take Cassino is put into action.
May 11th
1944
Approximately 2,000 Allied artillery guns open up on Cassino.
May 11th
1944
A combined British, Polish and American assault converge on Cassino involving the British 13th Corps, the Polish II Corps and the US 5th Army.
May 13th
1944
German paratrooper forces defending Cassino being their evacuation.
May 17th
1944
This date became one of the two best weather options for the Allied invasion of France.
May 17th
1944
Weather on May 17th cancels the D-Day operation. Leaving the next best weather window of opportunity to be June 5th.
May 17th
1944
June 5th is selected as the next official launch date for D-Day.
May 17th
1944
German paratrooper forces exit the Cassino region.
May 18th
1944
The British take the town of Cassino.
May 18th
1944
Monte Cassino falls to the Allies, costing some 50,000 casualties along both sides of the battlefield.
May 18th
1944
The Poles take Monte Calvario.
May 20th
1944
The Soviet offensive is detailed under the codename of "Operation Bagration".
May 20th
1944
The launch date for Operation Bagration is set for June 22nd.
May 23rd
1944
The US VI Corps breaks out of the Anzio perimeter and takes ground well into the Alban Hills.
May 25th
1944
The US VI Corps continues its gains and eventually combines with the arriving UU Corps. The road to Rome is now in the hands of the US Army and steps are taken for the final assault on the capital.
June 4th
1944
Official word comes down that the June 5th landings will be postponed due to inclement weather across the North Sea.
June 5th
1944
Some 6,000 naval vessels depart from the south of England towards France.
June 6th
1944
The German 21st Panzer Division is repelled by a combined Allied armor and air assault, saving further actions at Sword.
June 6th
1944
The Canadians out of Juno beach take Bernieres at about 11:00AM.
June 6th
1944
Near the town of Pouppeville, the US 4th Infantry Division at Utah beach connects with the 101st Airborne Division paratroopers.
June 6th
1944
The first town in France - Ste Mere Eglise - is liberated by the Allies, this honor falling to the American forces from Utah beach and paratroopers from the previous day's drops.
June 6th
1944
British and French special forces elements out of Sword beach connect with the British paratroopers holding the key bridges over the Orne River.
June 6th
1944
At 4:00PM, the mobilized German 21st Panzer Division launches a counter-attack.
June 6th
1944
The German counter-attack reaches the beachhead at Sword.
June 6th
1944
By 8:00PM, the Canadian 3rd Infantry Division out of Juno beach connects with the British 50th Division out of Gold beach. This union becomes the largest Allied-held pocket in the north of France to this point.
June 6th
1944
By midnight, D-Day is more or less over. Not all objectives are captured but progress is made nonetheless.
June 6th
1944
The British and Canadian forces out of Gold and Juno beaches enjoy the largest footholds in France, encompassing land holdings some 9 miles wide and 6.2 miles inland.
June 6th
1944
At approximately 10:00AM, British forces out of Gold beach take La Riviere.
June 6th
1944
Omaha statistics are grim and the group holds the least amount of real estate at just 4.3 miles across and 1.2 miles inland. However, they do hold positions in Vierville sur Mer, Colleville and St-Laurent sur Mer.
June 6th
1944
The combined British and Canadian forces at Gold face little opposition and claim their objectives with little incident.
June 6th
1944
American forces at Utah beach hold pockets of land totaling just over 6 miles.
June 6th
1944
The Allied elements at Sword beach hold onto a 6-by-6 mile piece of land though they are still cut off from the Allies at Juno.
June 6th
1944
Despite the confusion on the part of the misdropped Allied paratroopers, the defending Germans are thrown into an equal level of confusion, noting Allied airdrops all around them.
June 6th
1944
In preparation for the arrival of the regular armies by way of amphibious landing, British and American airborne paratroopers arrive in France just after midnight.
June 6th
1944
Elements of the US 82nd and 101st Airborne divisions land across the Cotentin Peninsula. Despite all the planning, their dropzones are widely scattered.
June 6th
1944
British paratroopers of the 6th British Airborne Brigade land near Benouville.
June 6th
1944
The British paratroopers take the bridges over the Caen Canal and the Orne River.
June 6th
1944
The British 3rd Division arriving at Sword beach face a stouter German defense but are able to overwhelm the enemy and establish a foothold.
June 6th
1944
No less than five key bridges over the Dives River are blown up by British paratroopers.
June 6th
1944
The Canadian 3rd Infantry Division makes its way towards Juno beach. The German defenses, heavy seas and underwater obstacles cause a loss of 30 percent of the landing craft. The onshore result is equally grim as the Canadians are assaulted by the prepared Germans.
June 6th
1944
Allied naval warships open up with their guns on German defensive positions along the French coast.
June 6th
1944
At approximately 6:30AM, American Army forces begin landing at two key beaches, codenamed Utah and Omaha.
June 6th
1944
US Army forces arriving at Utah beach find themselves some 2,000 yards away from where they should be. The result is the force finds little German opposition at Utah. Their original landing zone was to be centered around Les-Dunes-de-Varreville. Total casualties from the landing are 300 personnel.
June 6th
1944
The US Army forces arriving at Omaha beach face a prepared, stout and veteran defense made possible by the German 352nd Division. After 2,400 casualties, the 1st US Infantry Division holds a beachhead.
June 6th
1944
At approximately 7:25AM, forces of the British and Canadian armies wade ashore at beaches codenamed Gold and Juno.
June 6th
1944
The British 50th Division pushed some 6 miles inland.
June 6th
1944
By 8:00AM, most of the German defenders at or near Gold and Sword beaches have been cleared or are on the run.
June 6th
1944
British paratroopers destroy the coastal fortifications at Merville.
June 16th
1944
The 1st Mobile Fleet of the IJN meets up with the Japanese Southern Force west of the Philippines.
June 17th
1944
US amphibious assault elements arrive to take Saipan.
June 19th
1944
A fourth Japanese flight group of 49 aircraft is assailed by 27 American Hellcats netting 30 more Japanese targets.
June 19th
1944
Soviet partisan groups spring into action along the German rear guard and wreak havoc for days. Targets include supply and communication lines. Tens of thousands of explosive acts of sabotage are noted.
June 19th
1944
The first Japanese raid assaults US Task Force 58 through a combined force of IJN and IJA aircraft commitment. The American response nets 35 enemies in the first phase of the attack.
June 19th
1944
Around 4:28pm, the carrier IJN Taiho joins the IJN Shokaku.
June 19th
1944
At approximately 4:24pm, the carrier IJN Shokaku, suffering extensive damage from American warplanes, goes under.
June 19th
1944
The third Japanese attack includes 47 aircraft which are met by 40 American fighters resulting in 7 enemies downed.
June 19th
1944
At 12:20pm, the USS Cavalla attack submarine hits the IJN Shokaku with torpedoes.
June 19th
1944
At 9:05am, the USS Albacore lands a fish into the side of the IJN Taiho aircraft carrier.
June 19th
1944
The second raid of arriving Japanese aerial strike force is identified and attacked by the Americans resulting in some 97 Japanese aircraft downed.
June 20th
1944
The American aerial force claims another two IJN tanker vessels.
June 20th
1944
American dive bomber aircraft successfully attack, and subsequently sink, the aircraft carrier IJN Hiyo.
June 20th
1944
At 4:30pm, some 216 American aircraft are launched in response to the Japanese attacks.
June 20th
1944
The aircraft carrier - IJN Chiyoda - takes heavy damage from American warplanes.
June 20th
1944
During the attack, American fighter pilots score a further 65 enemy aircraft.
June 20th
1944
By 8:45pm, the American attack shows a loss of 100 aircraft with 80 being lost to landing accidents at night or lack of fuel, forcing many airmen to ditch into the sea.
June 20th
1944
The aircraft carrier - IJN Zuikaku - takes heavy damage from American warplanes.
June 22nd
1944
Totaling over 1.2 million troops, the 1st Baltic Front - along with the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Belorussian Fronts - are put into action along four fronts. Vitebsk is quickly taken and controlled. The 3rd Panzer Army suffers heavy losses.
June 22nd
1944
Operation Bagration is put into action with General Zhukov in command.
June 23rd
1944
The 1st and 3rd Belorussian Fronts advanced to northeast of Minsk, surrounding the German 4th Army.
June 23rd
1944
By this date, the partisan actions along the German rear dwindle in preparation for the upcoming offensive.
June 26th
1944
With the 1st and 2nd Belorussian Fronts closing, Hitler okays the order for the 9th Army to retreat to more favorable ground.
June 28th
1944
Hitler replaces Field Marshal Busch with General Model to help stem his losses.
June 29th
1944
The 1st and 2nd Belorussian Fronts close in and around the city of Minsk, attempting to join forces of the 3rd Belorussian Front.
June 29th
1944
The Soviets take Bobruysk.
June 30th
1944
By this date, the German Army has recorded some 200,000 casualties from the aggressive Soviet offensive.
July 1st
1944
Plans by the Polish Army are laid out for a resistance and uprising in the Capital City of Warsaw against their German overseers.
July 1st
1944
Lieutenant-General Komorowski heads up the resistance plans as Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Home Army in Warsaw.
July 4th
1944
Minsk falls to the Soviet offensive.
July 4th
1944
By this date, the 160,000-strong German 4th Army alone reports losses of 130,000 troops.
July 4th
1944
German losses total 400,000 personnel.
July 5th
1944
Encircled, remnants of the German 4th Army are captured or killed trying to flee.
July 7th
1944
After heavy bombing by British Royal Air Force elements, British and Canadian army forces regroup and begin their offensive to take Caen from the Germans.
July 11th
1944
The German 9th Army is obliterated under the might of the Red Army.
July 13th
1944
Vilnius, Lithuania is captured by Soviet ground troops.
July 13th
1944
A new Soviet land offensive is launched with elements of the Soviet 1st and 4th Ukranian Fronts. Their target is Germany Army Group North in the Ukraine on their way to southern Poland.
July 13th
1944
A combined British and Canadian force is stopped outside of Caen by a determined German defense.
July 17th
1944
German Army Group Center is completely annihilated from the German ranks.
July 17th
1944
White Russia is cleansed of all German invaders, leading celebrations in the Soviet capital of Moscow.
July 17th
1944
Some 57,000 German captives are paraded through the streets of Moscow.
July 18th
1944
The British and Canadian launch Operation Goodwood against Caen. British armored elements are brought to bear against the dug-in and prepared Germans. The goal is to take all of Caen before focusing on Falaise.
July 18th
1944
US Army forces seize complete control of the town of St. Lo on the Contentin peninsula. Control of this strategic zone now allows for larger, prepared and controlled Allied offensives towards inland France.
July 20th
1944
While the British 2nd Army and 2nd Canadian Division can now lay claim to Caen, they fall short of advancement against Falaise. As such, Operation Goodwood is stopped.
July 21st
1944
8th Air Force B-17 and B-24 bombers are launched on Schweinfurt.
July 24th
1944
American forces enact Operation Cobra, this stemming from control of the Contentin peninsula. The goal is to smash through the German defenses and create a road through the Avranches, exposing inland France to future Allied assaults.
July 26th
1944
The Polish government, in exile since the fall of their country to the invading Germans, communicates with the British government for help in staging the uprising.
July 27th
1944
The British government promises what it can and this emerges in the form of scattered air drops of weapons and supplies.
July 27th
1944
Lvov is clamed by the Ukranian Fronts.
July 28th
1944
Soviet forces lay claim to Brest-Litovsk.
July 30th
1944
The German 7th Army attempts a counter-attack at Avranches but the Americans manage to hold their ground.
July 30th
1944
US Army forces reach Avranches and lay control the region.
July 31st
1944
Soviet Army forces close in on German defenders in Warsaw.
August 1st
1944
Upon hearing of news of the Polish uprising, an infuriated Adolph Hitler swears punishment and commits more of his troops within the Capital limits.
August 1st
1944
Three Soviet Army Fronts converge on the outskirts of Warsaw, prompting Polish General Komorowski to greenlight the uprising.
August 1st
1944
Uprisings begin across the Polish capital of Warsaw.
August 1st
1944
Roughly 30,000 Poles and scattered firearms make up the beginning of the Warsaw Uprising.
August 1st
1944
The move westward continues.
August 1st
1944
US General George S. Patton and his 3rd Army manage their way through Avranches towards Liore and Brittany.
August 4th
1944
Realizing their chances of victory are slim against well-trained and well-armed Germans, Polish Authorities once again ask the Allies - including the Soviets - for assistance in maintaining the uprising.
August 7th
1944
The 1st Canadian Army supports Allied elements just south of Caen, making their way towards Falaise.
August 7th
1944
A determined German counter-attack takes Mortain and heads towards Avranches before being stopped. Allied airstrikes and artillery stall the German advance.
August 8th
1944
General Patton reaches Le Mans and then heads north to Argentan.
August 8th
1944
US General Omar Bradley talks with British General Benard Law Montgomery about a plan to encircle some 21 divsions of Germans in the Falaise-Argentan pocket. Montgomery likes what he hears and give the plan the green light.
August 10th
1944
German Army forces continue to relocate to Warsaw in an attempt to quell the Polish uprising.
August 11th
1944
The Red Army finds themselves some 12 miles outside of Warsaw proper, having advanced into the Polish suburbs.
August 11th
1944
Sensing complete destruction of Warsaw and its people, the Pope himself appeals to the Allies for help.
August 13th
1944
Patton's 3rd Army arrives at Argentan.
August 14th
1944
Elements of Patton's 3rd Army are sent from Falaise to the east towards Chartres and in the direction of Paris proper.
August 15th
1944
Stretched and strained supply lines bring the Soviet war machine to a halt.
August 15th - August 29th
1944
During another running battle, convoy JW59 and her surface warships inflict damage on the KMS Tirpitz.
August 16th
1944
Sensing his own political interests and conquests, Soviet leader Josef Stalin rejects a direct call for aid for the Poles.
August 16th
1944
The American 3rd Army reaches Chartres.
August 16th
1944
German forces in Falaise are given the okay from Hitler to retreat to a more favorable position. The encirclement of German forces prompts the action from High Command.
August 16th
1944
After seven days of continuous and bitter fighting, Canadian Army forces reach Falaise.
August 19th
1944
At Mantes Grassicourt, a division of the American XV Corps manages to cross the Seine River.
August 20th
1944
The Falaise pocket is finally closed by the Allies. American and Canadian forces meet to complete the encirclement. German forces in Normandy are now trapped.
August 20th
1944
German Army soldiers now number some 21,300 personnel in Warsaw.
August 20th
1944
The swift and thorough German response has divided the Polish resistance into three distinct groups, all cut off from one another.
August 20th
1944
The German Army begins their final push to crush the Polish response.
August 22nd
1944
After some additional fighting that results in a further 10,000 German soldiers killed, the trapped elements of the German Army at Normandy surrender to the Allies. In all, some 50,000 soldiers of the German Army are taken prisoner.
August 25th
1944
Patton and his 3rd Army continue their march and setup critical strategic bridgeheads over the Seine River at Elbeuf and Louviers.
August 25th
1944
SS Obergruppenfuhrer Erich von dem Bach-Zelweski details the final German push.
August 25th
1944
Paris is liberated by the arriving Allies.
August 25th
1944
The Germans begin their counter-offensive against the remaining Pole units.
August 25th
1944
The Allies reach the French capital of Paris.
August 26th
1944
Brigadier-General Charles de Gaulle, leader of the Free French forces, leads a contingent of Allied troops on a march down the Champs Elysees to a thunderous reception by liberated French citizens.
August 30th
1944
The massive Soviet offensive ends with much of the German-held territories now in Russian hands. The Soviet Army has made it as far as the outskirts of Warsaw in Poland with a front running from Lithuania in the north, through Belorussia in the center and Poland/Ukraine in the south.
September 16th
1944
Pressured by the Americans and British, Stalin gives in - just a little - and delivers a meager air drop of arms consisting of just fifty pistols and a pair of machine guns.
September 16th
1944
Polish Army units fighting alongside the Soviet Army make a dash to support their comrades in Warsaw, this against the orders of Soviet High Command.
September 17th
1944
General Dwight Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe, approves General Montgomery's Operation Market Garden.
September 17th
1944
The US 101st Airborne Division landing at Eindhoven and Veghel are successful in their capturing of bridges.
September 17th
1944
Operation Market Garden is activated. Parachute landings take place at Eindhoven, Veghel, Grave and Oosterbeek.
September 17th
1944
The US 82nd Airborne Division landing at Grave is successful in capturing its target bridge.
September 17th
1944
British paratroopers landing at Arnhem run straight into the 9th and 10th SS Panzer Divisions who are in the area ungoing refitting. The bridge at Arnhem is captured by British forces but the group is quickly cut off from help by the Germans.
September 17th
1944
Under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Zygmunt Berling, the 1st Polish Army forces engage the Germans in Warsaw but are ultimately driven back in retreat.
September 18th
1944
Josef Stalin refuses further Allied use of his forward airfields to resupply the Polish insurgents.
September 18th
1944
The British XXX Corps fights its way through a dedicated German resistance up the main artery road leading to Eindhoven. They finally unite with the 101st Airborne forces having landed at Eindhoven and Veghel.
September 18th
1944
American B-17 bombers land at Poltava, now under Soviet control, to refuel. Onboard are arms and supplies meant for the Polish resistance.
September 19th
1944
The British XXX Corps officially unites with the US 82nd Airborne Division forces having landed at Grave.
September 20th
1944
British XXX Corps is delayed a full day from reaching beleagured paratrooper forces at Arnhem.
September 20th
1944
The US 82nd Airborne, backed by the British XXX Corps, take the bridge over the Waal River at Nijmegen.
September 21st
1944
British XXX Corps is slowed down once more, this time by German anti-tank forces and artillery emplacements north of Nijmegen and along the route to Arnhem.
September 21st
1944
For his actions in disobeying Soviet Army orders, Berling is stripped of his army command.
September 21st
1944
British paratroopers at Arnhem give up control of their bridge against a stronger German foe and instead concentrate on surviving by utilizing the town of Arnhem itself as a defense.
September 22nd
1944
Elements of the Polish Parachute Brigade, delayed multiple times from earlier participation in the operation, finally land south of Arnhem. Their mission is to reinforce the battered British 1st Airborne Division.
September 23rd
1944
141 RAF bombers take on the Dortmund-Ems Canal. Some of these bombers make use of the massive "Tallboy" 12,000lb bomb.
September 25th
1944
American air drops deliver their much-needed cargo to the Polish resistance below. However, the drop zones are in firm German control and supplies are captured soon after landing.
September 25th
1944
At Arnhem, some 6,000 Allied soldiers are taken prison by the Germans. A further 1,000 lay dead from the fighting.
September 25th
1944
Remaining elements of the British 1st Airborne Division out of Arnhem make their way across the Neder Rijn River in retreat. They intend on meeting up with XXX Corps still making their way to the area.
September 27th
1944
Despite valliant actions, the Polish Parachute Brigade is forced to surrender at Arnhem.
September 27th
1944
South of Arnhem, Allied forces continue to hold their gains. Over the next few months, some 3,500 casualties will be counted.
October 2nd
1944
Polish General Komorowski, sensing total defeat imminent, orders his Polish insurgents to surrender to the Germans.
October 3rd
1944
Polish military forces all surrender to the German Army, ending the valliant uprising.
October 9th
1944
8th Air Force B-17 and B-24 bombers are once again launched on Schweinfurt.
October 31st
1944
Some 250,000 Polish civilians and soldiers of Warsaw will meet their end through execution or deportation to Nazi concentration camps as a result of the Warsaw uprising.
November 1st - November 30th
1944
As the German defensive circle shrinks througout Europe, the Artic Convoys enjoy their best month, seeing not one vessel lost to enemy action.
November 12th
1944
The KMS Tirpitz is finally destroyed at Troms by forces of the RAF.
December 16th
1944
Bad weather soon sets in over the Ardennes region, limiting Allied air support to counter the German advances.
December 16th
1944
The German Army launch their Ardennes offensive against elements of the American US VIII located between Aachen and Bastogne.
December 16th
1944
Initial progress on the assault is good for the Germans, however, the US 2nd and 99th Divisions hold fast at Elsenborn and Malmedy.
December 17th
1944
Allied prisoners of war are executed in cold blood by elements of the 6th SS Panzer Army. Some 87 prisoners are killed where they stand on direct orders from German Colonel Joachim Peiper.
December 17th
1944
The town of Stavelot is lost to the invading German Army.
December 19th
1944
Allied generals agree to commit elements of the Saar Front against the southern flanks of the German advance, this in the area between Bastogne and Echternach.
December 19th
1944
By this date, two components making up the US 106th Division at the Schnee Eiffel region are surrounded by the Germans.
December 19th
1944
Some 6,000 Allied troops surrender to the encircling German Army at Schnee Eiffel.
December 19th
1944
Along the Ardennes line, US forces reform into intense defensive lines and some forces eventually mount counter attacks against the invading Germans.
December 19th
1944
The town of Stavelot is recaptured by the Allies.
December 20th
1944
The US 10th and 19th Armored Divisions are completely encircled by the German advance.
December 20th
1944
British General Montgomery is charged with heading up the progress along the north line of defense while American General Bradley is given command of the south.
December 20th
1944
By this date, the 101st Airborne Division at Bastogne is completely encircled by the German XLVII Panzer Corps.
December 22nd
1944
As the German advance continues, supply lines are stretched to the limit and flanks become over exposed prompting German General Rundstedt to ask Hitler to halt the advance - Hitler refuses.
December 23rd
1944
2,000 Allied air sorties are launched in improving skies against the Germans on the ground.
December 23rd
1944
Supplies are dropped from Allied transport planes to the beleagured forces held up at Bastogne.
December 23rd
1944
Allied ground attack fighters target and destroy German ground vehicles and troop concentrations. Without air support of their own, there is little that the Germans can do in response.
December 23rd
1944
The foul weather over the Ardennes begins to clear.
December 25th
1944
German losses on Christmas Day include 3,500 infantrymen and 400 vehicles, 81 of these being tanks.
December 25th
1944
After achieving 60 miles of territory - the farthest march of the German Ardennes Offensive - the 2nd Panzer Division under Lieutenant-General von Lauchert is stopped by a combined force of British and American armor made up of the British 29th Armored Brigade and the American 2nd Armored Division.
December 26th
1944
The American 4th Armored Division makes its way to the beleagured 101st Airborne forces at Bastogne and the situation at the village is stabilized.
December 28th
1944
Hitler orders a halt to the advance - but no retreat - leaving his exposed and tired units at the mercy of the replenished Allied forces across the Ardennes Front.